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"Reversed Halo" Sign on Chest Computed Tomography in COVID-19 Pneumonia
European Archives of Medical Research ; 37(4):261-267, 2021.
Article in English | Academic Search Complete | ID: covidwho-1593820
ABSTRACT

Objective:

The reversed halo sign (RHS) is a rare finding of chest computed tomography (CT) for coronavirus disease-2019 (COVID-19) pneumonia. This study aimed to examine the frequency and characteristics of RHS in chest CT examinations of patients with reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR)-confirmed COVID-19, to evaluate the relationship between this finding and the clinical course, and to contribute to the differential diagnosis.

Methods:

Chest CT data of 1500 patients who had positive RT-PCR tests for suspected COVID-19 pneumonia between March 16, 2020, and April 26, 2020, were evaluated retrospectively. This study included 49 patients with RHS. Patients were classified into two groups as the hometreated group and hospitalized group. The number of RHS;their craniocaudal, lobar, and peripheral-central distribution;morphological features of the wall structure;change over time;and additional findings were evaluated.

Results:

Of the patients with RHS, 27 (55%) were treated at home, while 22 (45%) were treated in the hospital. The number of RHS lesions was higher in the hospitalized group. Lower zone involvement and predominance were common in both groups. The home-treated group mostly had oval-shaped lesions (44%), while oval- and round-shaped lesions were common in the hospitalized group (55%). The wall thickness of the reversed halo ring was greater in the hospitalized group. Incomplete ring morphology was common in both groups. Laboratory examinations showed a significant difference between the groups in terms of the monocyte counts and C-reactive protein and D-dimer levels (p=0.04, p=0.002, and p=0.023, respectively).

Conclusion:

RHS plays an important role in the differential diagnosis of COVID-19 pneumonia from other diseases based on its characteristic distribution pattern and morphological features. [ FROM AUTHOR] Copyright of European Archives of Medical Research is the property of Galenos Yayinevi Tic. LTD. STI and its content may not be copied or emailed to multiple sites or posted to a listserv without the copyright holder's express written permission. However, users may print, download, or email articles for individual use. This may be abridged. No warranty is given about the accuracy of the copy. Users should refer to the original published version of the material for the full . (Copyright applies to all s.)
Keywords

Full text: Available Collection: Databases of international organizations Database: Academic Search Complete Type of study: Diagnostic study / Experimental Studies / Prognostic study / Randomized controlled trials Topics: Variants Language: English Journal: European Archives of Medical Research Year: 2021 Document Type: Article

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Full text: Available Collection: Databases of international organizations Database: Academic Search Complete Type of study: Diagnostic study / Experimental Studies / Prognostic study / Randomized controlled trials Topics: Variants Language: English Journal: European Archives of Medical Research Year: 2021 Document Type: Article