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Mindfulness-Based Program for Anxiety and Depression Treatment in Healthcare Professionals: A Pilot Randomized Controlled Trial.
Santamaría-Peláez, Mirian; González-Bernal, Jerónimo Javier; Verdes-Montenegro-Atalaya, Juan Carlos; Pérula-de Torres, Luis Ángel; Roldán-Villalobos, Ana; Romero-Rodríguez, Esperanza; Hachem Salas, Nur; Magallón Botaya, Rosa; González-Navarro, Teresa de Jesús; Arias-Vega, Raquel; Valverde, Francisco Javier; Jiménez-Barrios, María; Mínguez, Luis Alberto; León-Del-Barco, Benito; Soto-Cámara, Raúl; González-Santos, Josefa.
  • Santamaría-Peláez M; Department of Health Sciences, University of Burgos, 09001 Burgos, Spain.
  • González-Bernal JJ; Department of Health Sciences, University of Burgos, 09001 Burgos, Spain.
  • Verdes-Montenegro-Atalaya JC; Family and Community Medicine Teaching Department of Burgos, 09006 Burgos, Spain.
  • Pérula-de Torres LÁ; Multi-Professional Teaching Unit for Family and Community Care of Córdoba, Healthcare District of Córdoba and Guadalquivir, Institute Maimónides of Research Córdoba (IMIBIC), Reina Sofía University Hospital, University of Córdoba, 14001 Cordoba, Spain.
  • Roldán-Villalobos A; Carlos Castilla del Pino Health Center, Healthcare District of Córdoba and Guadalquivir, Institute Maimónides of Research Córdoba (IMIBIC), Reina Sofía University Hospital, University of Córdoba, 14001 Cordoba, Spain.
  • Romero-Rodríguez E; Healthcare District of Córdoba and Guadalquivir, Institute Maimónides of Research Córdoba (IMIBIC), Reina Sofía University Hospital, University of Córdoba, 14001 Cordoba, Spain.
  • Hachem Salas N; Mediterráneo-Torrecardenas Health Center, 04009 Almería, Spain.
  • Magallón Botaya R; IIS-Aragon-Group B21-R17, Family and Community Medicine Teaching Department of Zaragoza Sector 1, Institute of Health Carlos III-REDIAPP 06/18, University of Zaragoza, 50018 Zaragoza, Spain.
  • González-Navarro TJ; Emergency Service, University Hospital of Torrecardenas, 04009 Almería, Spain.
  • Arias-Vega R; Castello Health Center (Madrid), Institute Maimónides of Research Córdoba (IMIBIC), Reina Sofía University Hospital, University of Córdoba, 14001 Cordoba, Spain.
  • Valverde FJ; Family and Community Medicine Teaching Department of Jaen, 23007 Jaen, Spain.
  • Jiménez-Barrios M; Department of Health Sciences, University of Burgos, 09001 Burgos, Spain.
  • Mínguez LA; Department of Educational Sciences, University of Burgos, 09001 Burgos, Spain.
  • León-Del-Barco B; Department of Psychology, Faculty of Teacher Training College, University of Extremadura, 10071 Caceres, Spain.
  • Soto-Cámara R; Department of Health Sciences, University of Burgos, 09001 Burgos, Spain.
  • González-Santos J; Department of Health Sciences, University of Burgos, 09001 Burgos, Spain.
J Clin Med ; 10(24)2021 Dec 17.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1597756
ABSTRACT
In primary health care, the work environment can cause high levels of anxiety and depression, triggering relevant expert and individual change. Mindfulness-Based Stress Reduction (MBSR) programs reduce signs of anxiety and depression. The purpose of this sub-analysis of the total project, was to equate the effectiveness of the standard MBSR curriculum with the abbreviated version in minimizing anxiety and depression. This randomized controlled clinical trial enrolled 112 mentors and resident specialists from Family and Community Medicine and Nurses (FCMN), distributed across six teaching units (TU) of the Spanish National Health System (SNHS). Experimental group participants received a MBRS training (abbreviated/standard). Depression and anxiety levels were measured with the Goldberg Anxiety and Depression Scale (GADS) at three different time periods during the

analysis:

before (pre-test) and after (post-test) participation, as well as 3 months after the completion of intervention. Taking into account the pre-test scores as the covariate, an adjusted analysis of covariance (ANCOVA) showed significant depletion in anxiety and depression in general (F (2.91) = 4.488; p = 0.014; η2 = 0.090) and depression in particular (F (2, 91) = 6.653; p = 0.002; η2 = 0.128 at the post-test visit, maintaining their effects for 3 months (F (2.79) = 3.031; p = 0.050; η2 = 0.071-F (2.79) = 2.874; p = 0.049; η2 = 0.068, respectively), which is associated with the use of a standard training program. The abbreviated training program did not have a significant effect on the level of anxiety and depression. The standard MBSR training program had a positive effect on anxiety and depression and promotes long-lasting effects in tutors and resident practitioners. New research is needed to demonstrate the effectiveness of abbreviated versions of training programs.
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Full text: Available Collection: International databases Database: MEDLINE Type of study: Controlled clinical trial / Randomized controlled trials Language: English Year: 2021 Document Type: Article Affiliation country: Jcm10245941

Full text: Available Collection: International databases Database: MEDLINE Type of study: Controlled clinical trial / Randomized controlled trials Language: English Year: 2021 Document Type: Article Affiliation country: Jcm10245941