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Effectiveness of BNT162b2 Vaccine against Critical Covid-19 in Adolescents.
Olson, Samantha M; Newhams, Margaret M; Halasa, Natasha B; Price, Ashley M; Boom, Julie A; Sahni, Leila C; Pannaraj, Pia S; Irby, Katherine; Walker, Tracie C; Schwartz, Stephanie P; Maddux, Aline B; Mack, Elizabeth H; Bradford, Tamara T; Schuster, Jennifer E; Nofziger, Ryan A; Cameron, Melissa A; Chiotos, Kathleen; Cullimore, Melissa L; Gertz, Shira J; Levy, Emily R; Kong, Michele; Cvijanovich, Natalie Z; Staat, Mary A; Kamidani, Satoshi; Chatani, Brandon M; Bhumbra, Samina S; Bline, Katherine E; Gaspers, Mary G; Hobbs, Charlotte V; Heidemann, Sabrina M; Maamari, Mia; Flori, Heidi R; Hume, Janet R; Zinter, Matt S; Michelson, Kelly N; Zambrano, Laura D; Campbell, Angela P; Patel, Manish M; Randolph, Adrienne G.
  • Olson SM; From the Covid-19 Response Team, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (S.M.O., A.M.P., L.D.Z., A.P.C., M.M.P.), and the Center for Childhood Infections and Vaccines of Children's Healthcare of Atlanta and the Department of Pediatrics, Emory University School of Medicine (S.K.) - both in Atlant
  • Newhams MM; From the Covid-19 Response Team, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (S.M.O., A.M.P., L.D.Z., A.P.C., M.M.P.), and the Center for Childhood Infections and Vaccines of Children's Healthcare of Atlanta and the Department of Pediatrics, Emory University School of Medicine (S.K.) - both in Atlant
  • Halasa NB; From the Covid-19 Response Team, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (S.M.O., A.M.P., L.D.Z., A.P.C., M.M.P.), and the Center for Childhood Infections and Vaccines of Children's Healthcare of Atlanta and the Department of Pediatrics, Emory University School of Medicine (S.K.) - both in Atlant
  • Price AM; From the Covid-19 Response Team, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (S.M.O., A.M.P., L.D.Z., A.P.C., M.M.P.), and the Center for Childhood Infections and Vaccines of Children's Healthcare of Atlanta and the Department of Pediatrics, Emory University School of Medicine (S.K.) - both in Atlant
  • Boom JA; From the Covid-19 Response Team, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (S.M.O., A.M.P., L.D.Z., A.P.C., M.M.P.), and the Center for Childhood Infections and Vaccines of Children's Healthcare of Atlanta and the Department of Pediatrics, Emory University School of Medicine (S.K.) - both in Atlant
  • Sahni LC; From the Covid-19 Response Team, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (S.M.O., A.M.P., L.D.Z., A.P.C., M.M.P.), and the Center for Childhood Infections and Vaccines of Children's Healthcare of Atlanta and the Department of Pediatrics, Emory University School of Medicine (S.K.) - both in Atlant
  • Pannaraj PS; From the Covid-19 Response Team, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (S.M.O., A.M.P., L.D.Z., A.P.C., M.M.P.), and the Center for Childhood Infections and Vaccines of Children's Healthcare of Atlanta and the Department of Pediatrics, Emory University School of Medicine (S.K.) - both in Atlant
  • Irby K; From the Covid-19 Response Team, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (S.M.O., A.M.P., L.D.Z., A.P.C., M.M.P.), and the Center for Childhood Infections and Vaccines of Children's Healthcare of Atlanta and the Department of Pediatrics, Emory University School of Medicine (S.K.) - both in Atlant
  • Walker TC; From the Covid-19 Response Team, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (S.M.O., A.M.P., L.D.Z., A.P.C., M.M.P.), and the Center for Childhood Infections and Vaccines of Children's Healthcare of Atlanta and the Department of Pediatrics, Emory University School of Medicine (S.K.) - both in Atlant
  • Schwartz SP; From the Covid-19 Response Team, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (S.M.O., A.M.P., L.D.Z., A.P.C., M.M.P.), and the Center for Childhood Infections and Vaccines of Children's Healthcare of Atlanta and the Department of Pediatrics, Emory University School of Medicine (S.K.) - both in Atlant
  • Maddux AB; From the Covid-19 Response Team, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (S.M.O., A.M.P., L.D.Z., A.P.C., M.M.P.), and the Center for Childhood Infections and Vaccines of Children's Healthcare of Atlanta and the Department of Pediatrics, Emory University School of Medicine (S.K.) - both in Atlant
  • Mack EH; From the Covid-19 Response Team, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (S.M.O., A.M.P., L.D.Z., A.P.C., M.M.P.), and the Center for Childhood Infections and Vaccines of Children's Healthcare of Atlanta and the Department of Pediatrics, Emory University School of Medicine (S.K.) - both in Atlant
  • Bradford TT; From the Covid-19 Response Team, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (S.M.O., A.M.P., L.D.Z., A.P.C., M.M.P.), and the Center for Childhood Infections and Vaccines of Children's Healthcare of Atlanta and the Department of Pediatrics, Emory University School of Medicine (S.K.) - both in Atlant
  • Schuster JE; From the Covid-19 Response Team, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (S.M.O., A.M.P., L.D.Z., A.P.C., M.M.P.), and the Center for Childhood Infections and Vaccines of Children's Healthcare of Atlanta and the Department of Pediatrics, Emory University School of Medicine (S.K.) - both in Atlant
  • Nofziger RA; From the Covid-19 Response Team, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (S.M.O., A.M.P., L.D.Z., A.P.C., M.M.P.), and the Center for Childhood Infections and Vaccines of Children's Healthcare of Atlanta and the Department of Pediatrics, Emory University School of Medicine (S.K.) - both in Atlant
  • Cameron MA; From the Covid-19 Response Team, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (S.M.O., A.M.P., L.D.Z., A.P.C., M.M.P.), and the Center for Childhood Infections and Vaccines of Children's Healthcare of Atlanta and the Department of Pediatrics, Emory University School of Medicine (S.K.) - both in Atlant
  • Chiotos K; From the Covid-19 Response Team, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (S.M.O., A.M.P., L.D.Z., A.P.C., M.M.P.), and the Center for Childhood Infections and Vaccines of Children's Healthcare of Atlanta and the Department of Pediatrics, Emory University School of Medicine (S.K.) - both in Atlant
  • Cullimore ML; From the Covid-19 Response Team, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (S.M.O., A.M.P., L.D.Z., A.P.C., M.M.P.), and the Center for Childhood Infections and Vaccines of Children's Healthcare of Atlanta and the Department of Pediatrics, Emory University School of Medicine (S.K.) - both in Atlant
  • Gertz SJ; From the Covid-19 Response Team, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (S.M.O., A.M.P., L.D.Z., A.P.C., M.M.P.), and the Center for Childhood Infections and Vaccines of Children's Healthcare of Atlanta and the Department of Pediatrics, Emory University School of Medicine (S.K.) - both in Atlant
  • Levy ER; From the Covid-19 Response Team, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (S.M.O., A.M.P., L.D.Z., A.P.C., M.M.P.), and the Center for Childhood Infections and Vaccines of Children's Healthcare of Atlanta and the Department of Pediatrics, Emory University School of Medicine (S.K.) - both in Atlant
  • Kong M; From the Covid-19 Response Team, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (S.M.O., A.M.P., L.D.Z., A.P.C., M.M.P.), and the Center for Childhood Infections and Vaccines of Children's Healthcare of Atlanta and the Department of Pediatrics, Emory University School of Medicine (S.K.) - both in Atlant
  • Cvijanovich NZ; From the Covid-19 Response Team, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (S.M.O., A.M.P., L.D.Z., A.P.C., M.M.P.), and the Center for Childhood Infections and Vaccines of Children's Healthcare of Atlanta and the Department of Pediatrics, Emory University School of Medicine (S.K.) - both in Atlant
  • Staat MA; From the Covid-19 Response Team, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (S.M.O., A.M.P., L.D.Z., A.P.C., M.M.P.), and the Center for Childhood Infections and Vaccines of Children's Healthcare of Atlanta and the Department of Pediatrics, Emory University School of Medicine (S.K.) - both in Atlant
  • Kamidani S; From the Covid-19 Response Team, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (S.M.O., A.M.P., L.D.Z., A.P.C., M.M.P.), and the Center for Childhood Infections and Vaccines of Children's Healthcare of Atlanta and the Department of Pediatrics, Emory University School of Medicine (S.K.) - both in Atlant
  • Chatani BM; From the Covid-19 Response Team, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (S.M.O., A.M.P., L.D.Z., A.P.C., M.M.P.), and the Center for Childhood Infections and Vaccines of Children's Healthcare of Atlanta and the Department of Pediatrics, Emory University School of Medicine (S.K.) - both in Atlant
  • Bhumbra SS; From the Covid-19 Response Team, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (S.M.O., A.M.P., L.D.Z., A.P.C., M.M.P.), and the Center for Childhood Infections and Vaccines of Children's Healthcare of Atlanta and the Department of Pediatrics, Emory University School of Medicine (S.K.) - both in Atlant
  • Bline KE; From the Covid-19 Response Team, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (S.M.O., A.M.P., L.D.Z., A.P.C., M.M.P.), and the Center for Childhood Infections and Vaccines of Children's Healthcare of Atlanta and the Department of Pediatrics, Emory University School of Medicine (S.K.) - both in Atlant
  • Gaspers MG; From the Covid-19 Response Team, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (S.M.O., A.M.P., L.D.Z., A.P.C., M.M.P.), and the Center for Childhood Infections and Vaccines of Children's Healthcare of Atlanta and the Department of Pediatrics, Emory University School of Medicine (S.K.) - both in Atlant
  • Hobbs CV; From the Covid-19 Response Team, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (S.M.O., A.M.P., L.D.Z., A.P.C., M.M.P.), and the Center for Childhood Infections and Vaccines of Children's Healthcare of Atlanta and the Department of Pediatrics, Emory University School of Medicine (S.K.) - both in Atlant
  • Heidemann SM; From the Covid-19 Response Team, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (S.M.O., A.M.P., L.D.Z., A.P.C., M.M.P.), and the Center for Childhood Infections and Vaccines of Children's Healthcare of Atlanta and the Department of Pediatrics, Emory University School of Medicine (S.K.) - both in Atlant
  • Maamari M; From the Covid-19 Response Team, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (S.M.O., A.M.P., L.D.Z., A.P.C., M.M.P.), and the Center for Childhood Infections and Vaccines of Children's Healthcare of Atlanta and the Department of Pediatrics, Emory University School of Medicine (S.K.) - both in Atlant
  • Flori HR; From the Covid-19 Response Team, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (S.M.O., A.M.P., L.D.Z., A.P.C., M.M.P.), and the Center for Childhood Infections and Vaccines of Children's Healthcare of Atlanta and the Department of Pediatrics, Emory University School of Medicine (S.K.) - both in Atlant
  • Hume JR; From the Covid-19 Response Team, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (S.M.O., A.M.P., L.D.Z., A.P.C., M.M.P.), and the Center for Childhood Infections and Vaccines of Children's Healthcare of Atlanta and the Department of Pediatrics, Emory University School of Medicine (S.K.) - both in Atlant
  • Zinter MS; From the Covid-19 Response Team, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (S.M.O., A.M.P., L.D.Z., A.P.C., M.M.P.), and the Center for Childhood Infections and Vaccines of Children's Healthcare of Atlanta and the Department of Pediatrics, Emory University School of Medicine (S.K.) - both in Atlant
  • Michelson KN; From the Covid-19 Response Team, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (S.M.O., A.M.P., L.D.Z., A.P.C., M.M.P.), and the Center for Childhood Infections and Vaccines of Children's Healthcare of Atlanta and the Department of Pediatrics, Emory University School of Medicine (S.K.) - both in Atlant
  • Zambrano LD; From the Covid-19 Response Team, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (S.M.O., A.M.P., L.D.Z., A.P.C., M.M.P.), and the Center for Childhood Infections and Vaccines of Children's Healthcare of Atlanta and the Department of Pediatrics, Emory University School of Medicine (S.K.) - both in Atlant
  • Campbell AP; From the Covid-19 Response Team, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (S.M.O., A.M.P., L.D.Z., A.P.C., M.M.P.), and the Center for Childhood Infections and Vaccines of Children's Healthcare of Atlanta and the Department of Pediatrics, Emory University School of Medicine (S.K.) - both in Atlant
  • Patel MM; From the Covid-19 Response Team, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (S.M.O., A.M.P., L.D.Z., A.P.C., M.M.P.), and the Center for Childhood Infections and Vaccines of Children's Healthcare of Atlanta and the Department of Pediatrics, Emory University School of Medicine (S.K.) - both in Atlant
  • Randolph AG; From the Covid-19 Response Team, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (S.M.O., A.M.P., L.D.Z., A.P.C., M.M.P.), and the Center for Childhood Infections and Vaccines of Children's Healthcare of Atlanta and the Department of Pediatrics, Emory University School of Medicine (S.K.) - both in Atlant
N Engl J Med ; 386(8): 713-723, 2022 02 24.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1621316
ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND:

The increasing incidence of pediatric hospitalizations associated with coronavirus disease 2019 (Covid-19) caused by the B.1.617.2 (delta) variant of severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) in the United States has offered an opportunity to assess the real-world effectiveness of the BNT162b2 messenger RNA vaccine in adolescents between 12 and 18 years of age.

METHODS:

We used a case-control, test-negative design to assess vaccine effectiveness against Covid-19 resulting in hospitalization, admission to an intensive care unit (ICU), the use of life-supporting interventions (mechanical ventilation, vasopressors, and extracorporeal membrane oxygenation), or death. Between July 1 and October 25, 2021, we screened admission logs for eligible case patients with laboratory-confirmed Covid-19 at 31 hospitals in 23 states. We estimated vaccine effectiveness by comparing the odds of antecedent full vaccination (two doses of BNT162b2) in case patients as compared with two hospital-based control groups patients who had Covid-19-like symptoms but negative results on testing for SARS-CoV-2 (test-negative) and patients who did not have Covid-19-like symptoms (syndrome-negative).

RESULTS:

A total of 445 case patients and 777 controls were enrolled. Overall, 17 case patients (4%) and 282 controls (36%) had been fully vaccinated. Of the case patients, 180 (40%) were admitted to the ICU, and 127 (29%) required life support; only 2 patients in the ICU had been fully vaccinated. The overall effectiveness of the BNT162b2 vaccine against hospitalization for Covid-19 was 94% (95% confidence interval [CI], 90 to 96); the effectiveness was 95% (95% CI, 91 to 97) among test-negative controls and 94% (95% CI, 89 to 96) among syndrome-negative controls. The effectiveness was 98% against ICU admission and 98% against Covid-19 resulting in the receipt of life support. All 7 deaths occurred in patients who were unvaccinated.

CONCLUSIONS:

Among hospitalized adolescent patients, two doses of the BNT162b2 vaccine were highly effective against Covid-19-related hospitalization and ICU admission or the receipt of life support. (Funded by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.).
Subject(s)

Full text: Available Collection: International databases Database: MEDLINE Main subject: COVID-19 / Vaccine Efficacy / BNT162 Vaccine Type of study: Controlled clinical trial / Observational study / Randomized controlled trials / Risk factors Topics: Vaccines / Variants Limits: Adolescent / Child / Female / Humans / Male Country/Region as subject: North America Language: English Journal: N Engl J Med Year: 2022 Document Type: Article

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Full text: Available Collection: International databases Database: MEDLINE Main subject: COVID-19 / Vaccine Efficacy / BNT162 Vaccine Type of study: Controlled clinical trial / Observational study / Randomized controlled trials / Risk factors Topics: Vaccines / Variants Limits: Adolescent / Child / Female / Humans / Male Country/Region as subject: North America Language: English Journal: N Engl J Med Year: 2022 Document Type: Article