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Psychological impacts of the COVID-19 pandemic on one-month postpartum mothers in a metropolitan area of Japan.
Takubo, Youji; Tsujino, Naohisa; Aikawa, Yuri; Fukiya, Kazuyo; Iwai, Momoko; Uchino, Takashi; Ito, Megumu; Akiba, Yasuo; Mizuno, Masafumi; Nemoto, Takahiro.
  • Takubo Y; Department of Neuropsychiatry, Toho University Graduate School of Medicine, 5-21-16 Omori-nishi, Ota-ku, Tokyo, 143-8540, Japan.
  • Tsujino N; Department of Psychiatry, Saiseikai Yokohamashi Tobu Hospital, 3-6-1 Shimosueyoshi, Tsurumi-ku, Yokohama, Kanagawa, 230-8765, Japan.
  • Aikawa Y; Department of Psychiatry, Saiseikai Yokohamashi Tobu Hospital, 3-6-1 Shimosueyoshi, Tsurumi-ku, Yokohama, Kanagawa, 230-8765, Japan. ntsujino@med.toho-u.ac.jp.
  • Fukiya K; Department of Neuropsychiatry, Toho University Faculty of Medicine, 6-11-1 Omori-nishi, Ota-ku, Tokyo, 143-8541, Japan. ntsujino@med.toho-u.ac.jp.
  • Iwai M; Department of Psychiatry, Saiseikai Yokohamashi Tobu Hospital, 3-6-1 Shimosueyoshi, Tsurumi-ku, Yokohama, Kanagawa, 230-8765, Japan.
  • Uchino T; Department of Psychiatry, Saiseikai Yokohamashi Tobu Hospital, 3-6-1 Shimosueyoshi, Tsurumi-ku, Yokohama, Kanagawa, 230-8765, Japan.
  • Ito M; Department of Neuropsychiatry, Toho University Faculty of Medicine, 6-11-1 Omori-nishi, Ota-ku, Tokyo, 143-8541, Japan.
  • Akiba Y; Department of Neuropsychiatry, Toho University Faculty of Medicine, 6-11-1 Omori-nishi, Ota-ku, Tokyo, 143-8541, Japan.
  • Mizuno M; Department of Obstetrics and gynaecology, Saiseikai Yokohamashi Tobu Hospital, 3-6-1 Shimosueyoshi, Tsurumi-ku, Yokohama, Kanagawa, 230-8765, Japan.
  • Nemoto T; Department of Obstetrics and gynaecology, Saiseikai Yokohamashi Tobu Hospital, 3-6-1 Shimosueyoshi, Tsurumi-ku, Yokohama, Kanagawa, 230-8765, Japan.
BMC Pregnancy Childbirth ; 21(1): 845, 2021 Dec 28.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1638197
ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND:

The coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic has recently become the most important issue in the world. Very few reports in Japan have examined the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on peripartum mental health. We examined the status of postpartum mental health before and during COVID-19 pandemic from a consecutive database in a metropolitan area of Japan.

METHODS:

The subjects were women who had completed a maternity health check-up at a core regional hospital in Yokohama during the period from April 1, 2017, to December 31, 2020. We collected the subjects' scores for the Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale (EPDS) and the Mother-to-Infant Bonding Scale (MIBS) at 1 month postpartum. The subjects were divided into four groups (three Before COVID-19 groups and a During COVID-19 group). MANOVA and post-hoc tests were used to determine mental health changes in the postpartum period among the four groups.

RESULTS:

The Before and During COVID-19 groups contained 2844 and 1095 mothers, respectively. There were no significant difference in the total scores of the EPDS and MIBS among the four groups. However, the EPDS items related to anxiety factors were significantly higher and the EPDS items related to anhedonia and depression factors (excluding thoughts of self-harm) were significantly lower in the During COVID-19 group.

CONCLUSION:

The EPDS scores changed in connection with the COVID-19 pandemic. Anxiety, which represent hypervigilance, was significantly higher and anhedonia and depression were significantly lower in the During COVID-19 group. Our results may reflect COVID-19-related health concerns and a lack of social support caused by the COVID-19 pandemic.
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Full text: Available Collection: International databases Database: MEDLINE Main subject: Mental Health / Postpartum Period / COVID-19 / Mothers Type of study: Observational study / Randomized controlled trials / Risk factors Limits: Adult / Female / Humans Country/Region as subject: Asia Language: English Journal: BMC Pregnancy Childbirth Journal subject: Obstetrics Year: 2021 Document Type: Article Affiliation country: S12884-021-04331-1

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Full text: Available Collection: International databases Database: MEDLINE Main subject: Mental Health / Postpartum Period / COVID-19 / Mothers Type of study: Observational study / Randomized controlled trials / Risk factors Limits: Adult / Female / Humans Country/Region as subject: Asia Language: English Journal: BMC Pregnancy Childbirth Journal subject: Obstetrics Year: 2021 Document Type: Article Affiliation country: S12884-021-04331-1