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Incidence of SARS-CoV-2 Infection and Related Mortality by Education Level during Three Phases of the 2020 Pandemic: A Population-Based Cohort Study in Rome.
Angelici, Laura; Sorge, Chiara; Di Martino, Mirko; Cappai, Giovanna; Stafoggia, Massimo; Agabiti, Nera; Girardi, Enrico; Lanini, Simone; Nicastri, Emanuele; Davoli, Marina; Cesaroni, Giulia.
  • Angelici L; Department of Epidemiology of the Regional Health Service-Lazio, Via Cristoforo Colombo, 112, 00147 Rome, Italy.
  • Sorge C; Department of Epidemiology of the Regional Health Service-Lazio, Via Cristoforo Colombo, 112, 00147 Rome, Italy.
  • Di Martino M; Department of Epidemiology of the Regional Health Service-Lazio, Via Cristoforo Colombo, 112, 00147 Rome, Italy.
  • Cappai G; Department of Epidemiology of the Regional Health Service-Lazio, Via Cristoforo Colombo, 112, 00147 Rome, Italy.
  • Stafoggia M; Department of Epidemiology of the Regional Health Service-Lazio, Via Cristoforo Colombo, 112, 00147 Rome, Italy.
  • Agabiti N; Department of Epidemiology of the Regional Health Service-Lazio, Via Cristoforo Colombo, 112, 00147 Rome, Italy.
  • Girardi E; Clinical Division of Infectious Diseases, National Institute for Infectious Diseases Lazzaro Spallanzani-IRCCS, Via Portuense 292, 00149 Rome, Italy.
  • Lanini S; Clinical Division of Infectious Diseases, National Institute for Infectious Diseases Lazzaro Spallanzani-IRCCS, Via Portuense 292, 00149 Rome, Italy.
  • Nicastri E; Clinical Division of Infectious Diseases, National Institute for Infectious Diseases Lazzaro Spallanzani-IRCCS, Via Portuense 292, 00149 Rome, Italy.
  • Davoli M; Department of Epidemiology of the Regional Health Service-Lazio, Via Cristoforo Colombo, 112, 00147 Rome, Italy.
  • Cesaroni G; Department of Epidemiology of the Regional Health Service-Lazio, Via Cristoforo Colombo, 112, 00147 Rome, Italy.
J Clin Med ; 11(3)2022 Feb 07.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1674685
ABSTRACT
Evidence on social determinants of health on the risk of SARS-CoV-2 infection and adverse outcomes is still limited. Therefore, this work investigates educational disparities in the incidence of infection and mortality within 30 days of the onset of infection during 2020 in Rome, with particular attention to changes in socioeconomic inequalities over time. A cohort of 1,538,231 residents in Rome on 1 January 2020, aged 35+, followed from 1 March to 31 December 2020, were considered. Cumulative incidence and mortality rates by education were estimated. Multivariable log-binomial and Cox regression models were used to investigate educational disparities in the incidence of SARS-CoV-2 infection and mortality during the entire study period and in three phases of the pandemic. During 2020, there were 47,736 incident cases and 2281 deaths. The association between education and the incidence of infection changed over time. Till May 2020, low- and medium-educated individuals had a lower risk of infection than that of the highly educated. However, there was no evidence of an association between education and the incidence of SARS-CoV-2 infection during the summer. Lastly, low-educated adults had a 25% higher risk of infection from September to December than that of the highly educated. Similarly, there was substantial evidence of educational inequalities in mortality within 30 days of the onset of infection in the last term of 2020. In Rome, social inequalities in COVID-19 appeared in the last term of 2020, and they strengthen the need for monitoring inequalities emerging from this pandemic.
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Full text: Available Collection: International databases Database: MEDLINE Type of study: Etiology study / Incidence study / Observational study / Risk factors Language: English Year: 2022 Document Type: Article Affiliation country: Jcm11030877

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Full text: Available Collection: International databases Database: MEDLINE Type of study: Etiology study / Incidence study / Observational study / Risk factors Language: English Year: 2022 Document Type: Article Affiliation country: Jcm11030877