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The effect of SARS-Co-V2 infection on prothrombotic and anticoagulant factors in dialysis patients.
Riddell, Anne; Chowdary, Pratima; Davenport, Andrew.
  • Riddell A; Haemophilia & Thrombosis Laboratory (Health Services Laboratories), Royal Free Hospital, London, UK.
  • Chowdary P; Katharine Dormandy Haemophilia & Thrombosis Centre, Royal Free Hospital, London, UK.
  • Davenport A; Research Department of Haematology, Cancer Institute UCL, London, UK.
Artif Organs ; 46(7): 1328-1333, 2022 Jul.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1685202
ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND:

Patients with COVID-19 infection are at increased risk of thrombosis. We wished to determine whether this was is due to an increase in prothrombotic or reduction in anticoagulant factors and whether heparin would be an appropriate anticoagulant.

METHODS:

We measured routine coagulation and prothrombotic factors in dialysis patients after a positive COVID-19 test between March 2020 -April 2021.

RESULTS:

Routine coagulation tests were measured in 227 dialysis patients, 148 males (65.2%), median age 67.5 (53.8-77.0) years. The international normalized ratio was prolonged in 11.5%, activated partial thromboplastin time in 48.5%, thrombin time in 57%. Factor VIII was increased in 59.1%, fibrinogen 73.8%, and D-dimer 95.5%. Protein C was reduced in 15.3%, protein S 28%, and antithrombin (AT) in 12.1%. Two patients were Lupus anticoagulant positive, and two Factor VLeiden positive. Factor VIII levels increased with clinical disease; outpatients 159 (136-179) IU/dl, hospitalized but not ventilated 228 (167-311) IU, ventilated 432 (368-488) IU/dl (p < 0.01). Overall 75% had an AT level ≥ 88 IU/dl (reference range 79-106), but only 11.7% of non-hospitalized patients compared to 45% of those who died, p < 0.01, fibrinogen, D-dimers, and protein S or C did not differ with clinical disease severity, whether patients required hospital admission or not and between survivors and those who died.

CONCLUSION:

COVID-19 dialysis patients have increased levels of fibrinogen and D-Dimers, but only factor VIII levels in the clotting profile increased with clinical disease severity increasing systemic hypercoagulability. AT concentrations are maintained and as such should not compromise anticoagulation with heparins.
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Full text: Available Collection: International databases Database: MEDLINE Main subject: COVID-19 / Anticoagulants Topics: Long Covid Limits: Aged / Humans / Male Language: English Journal: Artif Organs Year: 2022 Document Type: Article Affiliation country: Aor.14206

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Full text: Available Collection: International databases Database: MEDLINE Main subject: COVID-19 / Anticoagulants Topics: Long Covid Limits: Aged / Humans / Male Language: English Journal: Artif Organs Year: 2022 Document Type: Article Affiliation country: Aor.14206