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Initiatives Addressing Precarious Employment and Its Effects on Workers' Health and Well-Being: A Systematic Review.
Gunn, Virginia; Kreshpaj, Bertina; Matilla-Santander, Nuria; Vignola, Emilia F; Wegman, David H; Hogstedt, Christer; Ahonen, Emily Q; Bodin, Theo; Orellana, Cecilia; Baron, Sherry; Muntaner, Carles; O'Campo, Patricia; Albin, Maria; Håkansta, Carin.
  • Gunn V; Unit of Occupational Medicine, Institute of Environmental Medicine, Karolinska Institutet, 11365 Stockholm, Sweden.
  • Kreshpaj B; MAP Centre for Urban Health Solutions, Li Ka Shing Knowledge Institute, Michael's Hospital, Unity Health Toronto, Toronto, ON M5B 1W8, Canada.
  • Matilla-Santander N; Lawrence S. Bloomberg Faculty of Nursing, University of Toronto, St. George Campus, Toronto, ON M5T 1P8, Canada.
  • Vignola EF; Unit of Occupational Medicine, Institute of Environmental Medicine, Karolinska Institutet, 11365 Stockholm, Sweden.
  • Wegman DH; Unit of Occupational Medicine, Institute of Environmental Medicine, Karolinska Institutet, 11365 Stockholm, Sweden.
  • Hogstedt C; Department of Community Health and Social Sciences, Graduate School of Public Health and Health Policy, City University of New York, New York, NY 10025, USA.
  • Ahonen EQ; University of Massachusetts Lowell, Lowell, MA 01854, USA.
  • Bodin T; La Isla Network, Washington, DC 20005, USA.
  • Orellana C; Unit of Occupational Medicine, Institute of Environmental Medicine, Karolinska Institutet, 11365 Stockholm, Sweden.
  • Baron S; Division of Occupational and Environmental Health, Department of Family and Preventive Medicine, University of Utah School of Medicine, Salt Lake City, UT 84108, USA.
  • Muntaner C; Unit of Occupational Medicine, Institute of Environmental Medicine, Karolinska Institutet, 11365 Stockholm, Sweden.
  • O'Campo P; Center for Occupational and Environmental Medicine, Stockholm Region, 11365 Stockholm, Sweden.
  • Albin M; Unit of Occupational Medicine, Institute of Environmental Medicine, Karolinska Institutet, 11365 Stockholm, Sweden.
  • Håkansta C; Barry Commoner Center for Health and the Environment, Queens College, City University of New York, New York, NY 11367, USA.
Int J Environ Res Public Health ; 19(4)2022 02 16.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1706144
ABSTRACT
The prevalence of precarious employment has increased in recent decades and aspects such as employment insecurity and income inadequacy have intensified during the COVID-19 pandemic. The purpose of this systematic review was to identify, appraise, and synthesise existing evidence pertaining to implemented initiatives addressing precarious employment that have evaluated and reported health and well-being outcomes. We used the PRISMA framework to guide this review and identified 11 relevant initiatives through searches in PubMed, Scopus, Web of Science, and three sources of grey literature. We found very few evaluated interventions addressing precarious employment and its impact on the health and well-being of workers globally. Ten out of 11 initiatives were not purposefully designed to address precarious employment in general, nor specific dimensions of it. Seven out of 11 initiatives evaluated outcomes related to the occupational health and safety of precariously employed workers and six out of 11 evaluated worker health and well-being outcomes. Most initiatives showed the potential to improve the health of workers, although the evaluation component was often described with less detail than the initiative itself. Given the heterogeneity of the 11 initiatives regarding study design, sample size, implementation, evaluation, economic and political contexts, and target population, we found insufficient evidence to compare outcomes across types of initiatives, generalize findings, or make specific recommendations for the adoption of initiatives.
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Full text: Available Collection: International databases Database: MEDLINE Main subject: Occupational Health / COVID-19 Type of study: Prognostic study / Reviews / Risk factors / Systematic review Limits: Humans Language: English Year: 2022 Document Type: Article Affiliation country: Ijerph19042232

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Full text: Available Collection: International databases Database: MEDLINE Main subject: Occupational Health / COVID-19 Type of study: Prognostic study / Reviews / Risk factors / Systematic review Limits: Humans Language: English Year: 2022 Document Type: Article Affiliation country: Ijerph19042232