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Assessing the Impact of COVID-19 on the Mental Health of Healthcare Workers in Three Metropolitan Cities of Pakistan.
Arshad, Muhammad Subhan; Hussain, Iltaf; Nafees, Muhammad; Majeed, Abdul; Imran, Imran; Saeed, Hamid; Hashmi, Furqan K; Akbar, Muqarrab; Abrar, Muhammad Asad; Ramzan, Basit; Chaudhry, Muhammad Omer; Islam, Muhammad; Usman, Areeba; Nisar, Naveed; Rasool, Muhammad Fawad.
  • Arshad MS; Department of Pharmacy Practice, Faculty of Pharmacy, Bahauddin Zakariya University, Multan 60800, Pakistan.
  • Hussain I; Department of Pharmacy Practice, Faculty of Pharmacy, Bahauddin Zakariya University, Multan 60800, Pakistan.
  • Nafees M; Department of Pharmacy Practice, Faculty of Pharmacy, Bahauddin Zakariya University, Multan 60800, Pakistan.
  • Majeed A; Department of Pharmacy Practice, Faculty of Pharmacy, Bahauddin Zakariya University, Multan 60800, Pakistan.
  • Imran I; Department of Pharmacology, Faculty of Pharmacy, Bahauddin Zakariya University, Multan 60800, Pakistan.
  • Saeed H; University College of Pharmacy, University of the Punjab, Allama Iqbal Campus, Lahore 54000, Pakistan.
  • Hashmi FK; University College of Pharmacy, University of the Punjab, Allama Iqbal Campus, Lahore 54000, Pakistan.
  • Akbar M; Department of Political Science, Bahauddin Zakariya University, Multan 60800, Pakistan.
  • Abrar MA; Department of Pharmacy Practice, Faculty of Pharmacy, Bahauddin Zakariya University, Multan 60800, Pakistan.
  • Ramzan B; Al Shifa Pharmacy, Multan, Pakistan.
  • Chaudhry MO; School of Economics, Bahauddin Zakariya University, Multan 60800, Pakistan.
  • Islam M; University College of Pharmacy, University of the Punjab, Allama Iqbal Campus, Lahore 54000, Pakistan.
  • Usman A; Nishter Medical Hospital, Multan, Pakistan.
  • Nisar N; Department of Pharmaceutics, Faculty of Pharmacy, Bahauddin Zakariya University, Multan 60800, Pakistan.
  • Rasool MF; Department of Pharmacy Practice, Faculty of Pharmacy, Bahauddin Zakariya University, Multan 60800, Pakistan.
Psychol Res Behav Manag ; 13: 1047-1055, 2020.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1725157
Semantic information from SemMedBD (by NLM)
1. Psychological Distress COEXISTS_WITH COVID-19
Subject
Psychological Distress
Predicate
COEXISTS_WITH
Object
COVID-19
2. Anxiety PROCESS_OF Health Personnel
Subject
Anxiety
Predicate
PROCESS_OF
Object
Health Personnel
3. Depressive disorder PROCESS_OF Health Personnel
Subject
Depressive disorder
Predicate
PROCESS_OF
Object
Health Personnel
4. Stress PROCESS_OF Health Personnel
Subject
Stress
Predicate
PROCESS_OF
Object
Health Personnel
5. Present PROCESS_OF Health Personnel
Subject
Present
Predicate
PROCESS_OF
Object
Health Personnel
6. Psychological Distress COEXISTS_WITH COVID-19
Subject
Psychological Distress
Predicate
COEXISTS_WITH
Object
COVID-19
7. Anxiety PROCESS_OF Health Personnel
Subject
Anxiety
Predicate
PROCESS_OF
Object
Health Personnel
8. Depressive disorder PROCESS_OF Health Personnel
Subject
Depressive disorder
Predicate
PROCESS_OF
Object
Health Personnel
9. Stress PROCESS_OF Health Personnel
Subject
Stress
Predicate
PROCESS_OF
Object
Health Personnel
10. Present PROCESS_OF Health Personnel
Subject
Present
Predicate
PROCESS_OF
Object
Health Personnel
ABSTRACT

PURPOSE:

The COVID-19 (coronavirus disease-2019) has been associated with psychological distress during its rapid rise period in Pakistan. The present study aimed to assess the mental health of healthcare workers (HCWs) in the three metropolitan cities of Pakistan.

METHODS:

A cross-sectional, web-based study was conducted in 276 HCWs from April 10, 2020, to June 5, 2020. Depression, anxiety, and stress scale (DASS-21) were used for the mental health assessment of the HCWs. Multivariable logistic regression analysis (MLRA) was performed to measure the association between the demographics and the occurrence of depression, anxiety, and stress (DAS).

RESULTS:

The frequency of DAS in the HCWs was 10.1%, 25.4%, and 7.3%, respectively. The MLRA showed that the depression in HCWs was significantly associated with the profession (P<0.001). The anxiety in HCWs was significantly associated with their age (P=0.005), profession (P<0.05), and residence (P<0.05). The stress in HCWs was significantly associated with their age (P<0.05).

LIMITATION:

This study was conducted in the early phase of the COVID-19 pandemic, when the number of COVID-19 cases was on the rise in Pakistan and it only represents a definite period (April to June 2020).

CONCLUSION:

The symptoms of DAS are present in the HCWs of Pakistan and to manage the psychological health of HCWs, there is a need for the initiation of psychological well-being programs.
Keywords

Full text: Available Collection: International databases Database: MEDLINE Type of study: Experimental Studies / Observational study / Randomized controlled trials Language: English Journal: Psychol Res Behav Manag Year: 2020 Document Type: Article Affiliation country: PRBM.S282069

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Full text: Available Collection: International databases Database: MEDLINE Type of study: Experimental Studies / Observational study / Randomized controlled trials Language: English Journal: Psychol Res Behav Manag Year: 2020 Document Type: Article Affiliation country: PRBM.S282069