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Educational Inequalities in COVID-19 Vaccination: A Cross-Sectional Study of the Adult Population in the Lazio Region, Italy.
Cesaroni, Giulia; Calandrini, Enrico; Balducci, Maria; Cappai, Giovanna; Di Martino, Mirko; Sorge, Chiara; Nicastri, Emanuele; Agabiti, Nera; Davoli, Marina.
  • Cesaroni G; Department of Epidemiology-Regional Health Service, ASL Roma 1, Via Cristoforo Colombo 112, 00147 Rome, Italy.
  • Calandrini E; Department of Epidemiology-Regional Health Service, ASL Roma 1, Via Cristoforo Colombo 112, 00147 Rome, Italy.
  • Balducci M; Department of Epidemiology-Regional Health Service, ASL Roma 1, Via Cristoforo Colombo 112, 00147 Rome, Italy.
  • Cappai G; Department of Epidemiology-Regional Health Service, ASL Roma 1, Via Cristoforo Colombo 112, 00147 Rome, Italy.
  • Di Martino M; Department of Epidemiology-Regional Health Service, ASL Roma 1, Via Cristoforo Colombo 112, 00147 Rome, Italy.
  • Sorge C; Department of Epidemiology-Regional Health Service, ASL Roma 1, Via Cristoforo Colombo 112, 00147 Rome, Italy.
  • Nicastri E; Clinical Division of Infectious Diseases, National Institute for Infectious Diseases Lazzaro Spallanzani-IRCCS, 00149 Rome, Italy.
  • Agabiti N; Department of Epidemiology-Regional Health Service, ASL Roma 1, Via Cristoforo Colombo 112, 00147 Rome, Italy.
  • Davoli M; Department of Epidemiology-Regional Health Service, ASL Roma 1, Via Cristoforo Colombo 112, 00147 Rome, Italy.
Vaccines (Basel) ; 10(3)2022 Feb 25.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1726062
ABSTRACT
Several studies reported socioeconomic inequalities during the COVID-19 pandemic. We aimed at investigating educational inequalities in COVID-19 vaccination on 22 December 2021. We used the cohort of all residents in the Lazio Region, Central Italy, established at the beginning of the pandemic to investigate the effects of COVID-19. The Lazio Region has 5.5 million residents, mostly distributed in the Metropolitan Area of Rome (4.3 million inhabitants). We selected those aged 35 years or more who were alive and still residents on 22 December 2021. The cohort included data on sociodemographic, health characteristics, COVID-19 vaccination (none, partial, or complete), and SARS-CoV-2 infection. We used adjusted logistic regression models to analyze the association between level of education and no vaccination. We investigated 3,186,728 subjects (54% women). By the end of 2021, 88.1% of the population was fully vaccinated, and 10.3% were not vaccinated. There were strong socioeconomic inequalities in not getting vaccinated compared with those with a university degree, residents with a high school degree had an odds ratio (OR) of 1.29 (95% confidence interval, CI, 1.27-1.30), and subjects with a junior high or primary school attainment had an OR = 1.41 (95% CI 1.40-1.43). Since a comprehensive vaccination against COVID-19 could help reduce socioeconomic inequalities raised with the pandemic, further efforts in reaching the low socioeconomic strata of the population are crucial.
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Full text: Available Collection: International databases Database: MEDLINE Type of study: Prevalence study / Prognostic study / Randomized controlled trials / Risk factors Topics: Vaccines Language: English Year: 2022 Document Type: Article Affiliation country: Vaccines10030364

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Full text: Available Collection: International databases Database: MEDLINE Type of study: Prevalence study / Prognostic study / Randomized controlled trials / Risk factors Topics: Vaccines Language: English Year: 2022 Document Type: Article Affiliation country: Vaccines10030364