Your browser doesn't support javascript.
Determination of sars-cov-2 antibodies in salivary samples from vaccinated individuals and covid-19 patients
Biochimica Clinica ; 45(SUPPL 2):S21, 2022.
Article in English | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-1733100
ABSTRACT
Background and

Aim:

Salivary SARS-CoV-2 Ab determination could be suitable for monitoring the viral spread and vaccination efficacy, especially in pediatric patients. We investigated N/S1-RBD IgG antibody levels in salivary samples of infectious-naïve vaccinated subjects and of COVID-19 patients, further comparing levels with serum anti-SARS-CoV-2 S-RBD IgG.

Methods:

A total of 72 subjects were enrolled at the Padova University Hospital 36 COVID-19 patients and 36 health care workers (HCW), who underwent a complete vaccination campaign with BNT162b2 (BioNTech/Pfizer). All collected a salivary sample, using Salivette (Sarstedt, Nümbrecht Germany). For 9 HCW, salivary samples were collected at three different times within the same day (before breakfast, at 10 am, and after lunch). A serum sample was also collected for all individuals. Time post symptoms onset or time from the first vaccine were also recorded. Salivary COVID-19 N/S1 RBD (sal-IgG) ELISA (RayBiotech, GA, USA) and anti-SARS-CoV-2 S-RBD IgG Ab (ser-IgG) (Snibe Diagnostics, Shenzhen, China) were used for determining IgG Ab.

Results:

Subjects' mean age (±sd) was 35.8±18.2 yrs. Age significantly differed (p<0.001) from COVID-19 patients [29.7±17.3 yrs] and HCW [47.1±12.9 yrs]. Positive sal-IgG were found in 70/72 (97.2%) samples;in sera, 71/72 (98.6%) samples were positive to ser-IgG. The sal-IgG median levels differed from COVID-19 to vaccinated HCW, being in salivary samples 0.21 kAU/L and 0.8 kAU/L (p =0.030), respectively;median levels for ser-IgG in COVID-19 and vaccinated HCW were 135 kBAU/L and 940 kBAU/L, respectively (p<0.001). Salivary IgG levels were not influenced by time post-symptom onset or time post-vaccination, both on vaccinated HCW (rho= -0.147, p=0.402) and COVID-19 subjects (rho=0.0267, p=0.986). Ser-IgG levels was not influenced by the time post-symptom onset for COVID-19 subjects (rho=0.102, p=0.419), while a strong significant correlation was found with time post-vaccination in HCW (rho=-0.6292, p<0.001). Sal-IgG levels were notinfluenced by the daytime of collection (rho=0.148, p=0.373). Passing-Bablok regressions showed that sar- IgG and ser-IgG comparability was assessable only when ser-IgG values were divided by 1000, being slope and intercept 0.068 (95%CI 0.069-0.341) and 0.221 (95%CI- 0.097 to 0.786), respectively.

Conclusions:

Salivary IgG is efficiently detectable both in COVID-19 and in vaccinated individuals and analyses appeared to be not influenced by the daytime of collection. The analyses performed showed that, overall, sal-IgG were lower than ser-IgG, and thus comparability with serum levels needs to be better explored.
Keywords
Search on Google
Collection: Databases of international organizations Database: EMBASE Type of study: Experimental Studies Topics: Vaccines Language: English Journal: Biochimica Clinica Year: 2022 Document Type: Article

Similar

MEDLINE

...
LILACS

LIS

Search on Google
Collection: Databases of international organizations Database: EMBASE Type of study: Experimental Studies Topics: Vaccines Language: English Journal: Biochimica Clinica Year: 2022 Document Type: Article