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Global Burden of Respiratory Diseases Attributable to Ambient Particulate Matter Pollution: Findings From the Global Burden of Disease Study 2019.
Wu, Ying; Song, Ping; Lin, Shuai; Peng, Ling; Li, Yizhen; Deng, Yujiao; Deng, Xinyue; Lou, Weiyang; Yang, Si; Zheng, Yi; Xiang, Dong; Hu, Jingjing; Zhu, Yuyao; Wang, Meng; Zhai, Zhen; Zhang, Dai; Dai, Zhijun; Gao, Jie.
  • Wu Y; Department of Nephrology, The Second Affiliated Hospital of Xi'an Jiaotong University, Xi'an, China.
  • Song P; Department of Gastroenterology, The Second Affiliated Hospital of Xi'an Jiaotong University, Xi'an, China.
  • Lin S; Department of Oncology, The Second Affiliated Hospital of Xi'an Jiaotong University, Xi'an, China.
  • Peng L; Department of Respiratory Disease, Zhejiang Provincial People's Hospital, Hangzhou, China.
  • Li Y; Department of Oncology, The Second Affiliated Hospital of Xi'an Jiaotong University, Xi'an, China.
  • Deng Y; Department of Oncology, The Second Affiliated Hospital of Xi'an Jiaotong University, Xi'an, China.
  • Deng X; Department of Breast Surgery, The First Affiliated Hospital, College of Medicine, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou, China.
  • Lou W; Department of Breast Surgery, The First Affiliated Hospital, College of Medicine, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou, China.
  • Yang S; Department of Oncology, The Second Affiliated Hospital of Xi'an Jiaotong University, Xi'an, China.
  • Zheng Y; Department of Nephrology, The Second Affiliated Hospital of Xi'an Jiaotong University, Xi'an, China.
  • Xiang D; Celilo Cancer Center, Oregon Health Science Center Affiliated Mid-Columbia Medical Center, The Dalles, OR, United States.
  • Hu J; Dana-Farber Cancer Institute and Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA, United States.
  • Zhu Y; Department of Oncology, The Second Affiliated Hospital of Xi'an Jiaotong University, Xi'an, China.
  • Wang M; Department of Oncology, The Second Affiliated Hospital of Xi'an Jiaotong University, Xi'an, China.
  • Zhai Z; Department of Oncology, The Second Affiliated Hospital of Xi'an Jiaotong University, Xi'an, China.
  • Zhang D; Department of Oncology, The Second Affiliated Hospital of Xi'an Jiaotong University, Xi'an, China.
  • Dai Z; Department of Breast Surgery, The First Affiliated Hospital, College of Medicine, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou, China.
  • Gao J; Department of Nephrology, The Second Affiliated Hospital of Xi'an Jiaotong University, Xi'an, China.
Front Public Health ; 9: 740800, 2021.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1775894
ABSTRACT

Background:

Exposure to ambient particulate matter pollution (APMP) is a global health issue that directly affects the human respiratory system. Thus, we estimated the spatiotemporal trends in the burden of APMP-related respiratory diseases from 1990 to 2019.

Methods:

Based on the Global Burden of Disease Study 2019, data on the burden of APMP-related respiratory diseases were analyzed by age, sex, cause, and location. Joinpoint regression analysis was used to analyze the temporal trends in the burden of different respiratory diseases over the 30 years.

Results:

Globally, in 2019, APMP contributed the most to chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), with 695.1 thousand deaths and 15.4 million disability-adjusted life years (DALYs); however, the corresponding age-standardized death and DALY rates declined from 1990 to 2019. Similarly, although age-standardized death and DALY rates since 1990 decreased by 24% and 40%, respectively, lower respiratory infections (LRIs) still had the second highest number of deaths and DALYs attributable to APMP. This was followed by tracheal, bronchus, and lung (TBL) cancer, which showed increased age-standardized death and DALY rates during the past 30 years and reached 3.78 deaths per 100,000 persons and 84.22 DALYs per 100,000 persons in 2019. Among children aged < 5 years, LRIs had a huge burden attributable to APMP, whereas for older people, COPD was the leading cause of death and DALYs attributable to APMP. The APMP-related burdens of LRIs and COPD were relatively higher among countries with low and low-middle socio-demographic index (SDI), while countries with high-middle SDI showed the highest burden of TBL cancer attributable to APMP.

Conclusions:

APMP contributed substantially to the global burden of respiratory diseases, posing a significant threat to human health. Effective actions aimed at air pollution can potentially avoid an increase in the PM2.5-associated disease burden, especially in highly polluted areas.
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Full text: Available Collection: International databases Database: MEDLINE Main subject: Respiratory Tract Diseases / Air Pollution Type of study: Diagnostic study Limits: Adult / Aged / Child / Child, preschool / Humans Language: English Journal: Front Public Health Year: 2021 Document Type: Article Affiliation country: Fpubh.2021.740800

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Full text: Available Collection: International databases Database: MEDLINE Main subject: Respiratory Tract Diseases / Air Pollution Type of study: Diagnostic study Limits: Adult / Aged / Child / Child, preschool / Humans Language: English Journal: Front Public Health Year: 2021 Document Type: Article Affiliation country: Fpubh.2021.740800