Indonesian Artisanal and Small-Scale Gold Mining-A Narrative Literature Review.
Int J Environ Res Public Health ; 19(7)2022 03 26.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1785632
ABSTRACTIndonesia is host to a long history of gold mining and is responsible for a significant contribution to world gold production. This is true not only with regard to large gold mining companies but also to small-scale mining groups comprised of people and enterprises that participate in the gold industry of Indonesia. More than two thousand gold mining locations exist in present day Indonesia. Artisanal and small-scale gold mining (ASGM) sites are spread out across thirty provinces in Indonesia, and have provided work opportunities and income for more than two million people. However, the majority of ASGM activities use rudimentary technologies that have serious impacts upon the environment, public health, and miners' safety, which in turn generate socio-economic impacts for people residing around the mine sites. Moreover, many ASGMs are not licensed and operate illegally, meaning that they are immune to governmental regulation, and do not provide income to the regions and states via taxes. The possibility for more prudent management of ASGM operations could become a reality with the involvement and cooperation of all relevant parties, especially communities, local government, police, and NGOs.
Full text: Available Collection: International databases Database: MEDLINE Main subject: Miners / Mercury Type of study: Experimental Studies / Prognostic study / Randomized controlled trials / Reviews Limits: Humans Country/Region as subject: Asia Language: English Year: 2022 Document Type: Article Affiliation country: Ijerph19073955