Your browser doesn't support javascript.
Cause-specific student absenteeism monitoring in K-12 schools for detection of increased influenza activity in the surrounding community-Dane County, Wisconsin, 2014-2020.
Temte, Jonathan L; Barlow, Shari; Goss, Maureen; Temte, Emily; Schemmel, Amber; Bell, Cristalyne; Reisdorf, Erik; Shult, Peter; Wedig, Mary; Haupt, Thomas; Conway, James H; Gangnon, Ronald; Uzicanin, Amra.
  • Temte JL; Department of Family Medicine and Community Health, School of Medicine and Public Health, University of Wisconsin, Madison, Wisconsin, United States of America.
  • Barlow S; Department of Family Medicine and Community Health, School of Medicine and Public Health, University of Wisconsin, Madison, Wisconsin, United States of America.
  • Goss M; Department of Family Medicine and Community Health, School of Medicine and Public Health, University of Wisconsin, Madison, Wisconsin, United States of America.
  • Temte E; Department of Family Medicine and Community Health, School of Medicine and Public Health, University of Wisconsin, Madison, Wisconsin, United States of America.
  • Schemmel A; Department of Family Medicine and Community Health, School of Medicine and Public Health, University of Wisconsin, Madison, Wisconsin, United States of America.
  • Bell C; Department of Family Medicine and Community Health, School of Medicine and Public Health, University of Wisconsin, Madison, Wisconsin, United States of America.
  • Reisdorf E; Wisconsin State Laboratory of Hygiene, Madison, Wisconsin, United States of America.
  • Shult P; Wisconsin State Laboratory of Hygiene, Madison, Wisconsin, United States of America.
  • Wedig M; Wisconsin State Laboratory of Hygiene, Madison, Wisconsin, United States of America.
  • Haupt T; Wisconsin Division of Public Health, Wisconsin Department of Health Services, Madison, Wisconsin, United States of America.
  • Conway JH; Division of Infectious Diseases, Department of Pediatrics, School of Medicine and Public Health, University of Wisconsin, Madison, Wisconsin, United States of America.
  • Gangnon R; Department of Biostatistics, School of Medicine and Public Health, University of Wisconsin, Madison, Wisconsin, United States of America.
  • Uzicanin A; U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia, United States of America.
PLoS One ; 17(4): e0267111, 2022.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1808570
ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND:

Schools are primary venues of influenza amplification with secondary spread to communities. We assessed K-12 student absenteeism monitoring as a means for early detection of influenza activity in the community. MATERIALS AND

METHODS:

Between September 2014 and March 2020, we conducted a prospective observational study of all-cause (a-TOT), illness-associated (a-I), and influenza-like illness-associated (a-ILI) absenteeism within the Oregon School District (OSD), Dane County, Wisconsin. Absenteeism was reported through the electronic student information system. Students were visited at home where pharyngeal specimens were collected for influenza RT-PCR testing. Surveillance of medically-attended laboratory-confirmed influenza (MAI) occurred in five primary care clinics in and adjoining the OSD. Poisson general additive log linear regression models of daily counts of absenteeism and MAI were compared using correlation analysis.

FINDINGS:

Influenza was detected in 723 of 2,378 visited students, and in 1,327 of 4,903 MAI patients. Over six influenza seasons, a-ILI was significantly correlated with MAI in the community (r = 0.57; 95% CI 0.53-0.63) with a one-day lead time and a-I was significantly correlated with MAI in the community (r = 0.49; 0.44-0.54) with a 10-day lead time, while a-TOT performed poorly (r = 0.27; 0.21-0.33), following MAI by six days.

DISCUSSION:

Surveillance using cause-specific absenteeism was feasible and performed well over a study period marked by diverse presentations of seasonal influenza. Monitoring a-I and a-ILI can provide early warning of seasonal influenza in time for community mitigation efforts.
Subject(s)

Full text: Available Collection: International databases Database: MEDLINE Main subject: Absenteeism / Influenza, Human Type of study: Diagnostic study / Prognostic study / Screening study Limits: Humans Country/Region as subject: North America Language: English Journal: PLoS One Journal subject: Science / Medicine Year: 2022 Document Type: Article Affiliation country: Journal.pone.0267111

Similar

MEDLINE

...
LILACS

LIS


Full text: Available Collection: International databases Database: MEDLINE Main subject: Absenteeism / Influenza, Human Type of study: Diagnostic study / Prognostic study / Screening study Limits: Humans Country/Region as subject: North America Language: English Journal: PLoS One Journal subject: Science / Medicine Year: 2022 Document Type: Article Affiliation country: Journal.pone.0267111