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Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease Combined with Interstitial Lung Disease.
Choi, Joon Young; Song, Jin Woo; Rhee, Chin Kook.
  • Choi JY; Division of Pulmonary and Critical Care Medicine, Department of Internal Medicine, Incheon St. Mary's Hospital, College of Medicine, The Catholic University of Korea, Seoul, Republic of Korea.
  • Song JW; Division of Pulmonary and Critical Care Medicine, Asan Medical Center, University of Ulsan College of Medicine, Seoul, Republic of Korea.
  • Rhee CK; Division of Pulmonary and Critical Care Medicine, Department of Internal Medicine, Seoul St. Mary's Hospital, College of Medicine, The Catholic University of Korea, Seoul, Republic of Korea.
Tuberc Respir Dis (Seoul) ; 85(2): 122-136, 2022 Apr.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1818324
ABSTRACT
Although chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) and interstitial lung disease (ILD) have distinct clinical features, both diseases may coexist in a patient because they share similar risk factors such as smoking, male sex, and old age. Patients with both emphysema in upper lung fields and diffuse ILD are diagnosed with combined pulmonary fibrosis and emphysema (CPFE), which causes substantial clinical deterioration. Patients with CPFE have higher mortality compared with patients who have COPD alone, but results have been inconclusive compared with patients who have idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF). Poor prognostic factors for CPFE include exacerbation, lung cancer, and pulmonary hypertension. The presence of interstitial lung abnormalities, which may be an early or mild form of ILD, is notable among patients with COPD, and is associated with poor prognosis. Various theories have been proposed regarding the pathophysiology of CPFE. Biomarker analyses have implied that this pathophysiology may be more closely associated with IPF development, rather than COPD or emphysema. Patients with CPFE should be advised to quit smoking and undergo routine lung function tests, and pulmonary rehabilitation may be helpful. Various pharmacologic agents and surgical approaches may be beneficial in patients with CPFE, but further studies are needed.
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Full text: Available Collection: International databases Database: MEDLINE Type of study: Prognostic study / Risk factors Language: English Journal: Tuberc Respir Dis (Seoul) Year: 2022 Document Type: Article

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Full text: Available Collection: International databases Database: MEDLINE Type of study: Prognostic study / Risk factors Language: English Journal: Tuberc Respir Dis (Seoul) Year: 2022 Document Type: Article