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Assessment of Right Ventricular Mechanics by 3D Transesophageal Echocardiography in the Early Phase of Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome.
Evrard, Bruno; Lakatos, Bálint Károly; Goudelin, Marine; Tosér, Zoltán; Merkely, Béla; Vignon, Philippe; Kovács, Attila.
  • Evrard B; Medical-Surgical ICU, Limoges University Hospital, Limoges, France.
  • Lakatos BK; Inserm CIC 1435, Limoges, France.
  • Goudelin M; Heart and Vascular Center, Semmelweis University, Budapest, Hungary.
  • Tosér Z; Medical-Surgical ICU, Limoges University Hospital, Limoges, France.
  • Merkely B; Inserm CIC 1435, Limoges, France.
  • Vignon P; Argus Cognitive, Inc., Lebanon, NH, United States.
  • Kovács A; Heart and Vascular Center, Semmelweis University, Budapest, Hungary.
Front Cardiovasc Med ; 9: 861464, 2022.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1855327
ABSTRACT

Aim:

To compare global and axial right ventricular ejection fraction in ventilated patients for moderate-to-severe acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) secondary to early SARS-CoV-2 pneumonia or to other causes, and in ventilated patients without ARDS used as reference.

Methods:

Retrospective single-center cross-sectional study including 64 ventilated patients 21 with ARDS related to SARS-CoV-2 (group 1), 22 with ARDS unrelated to SARS-CoV-2 (group 2), and 21 without ARDS (control group). Real-time three-dimensional transesophageal echocardiography was performed for hemodynamic assessment within 24 h after admission. Contraction pattern of the right ventricle was decomposed along the three anatomically relevant axes. Relative contribution of each spatial axis was evaluated by calculating ejection fraction along each axis divided by the global right ventricular ejection fraction.

Results:

Global right ventricular ejection fraction was significantly lower in group 2 than in both group 1 and controls [median 43% (25-75th percentiles 40-57) vs. 58% (55-62) and 65% (56-68), respectively p < 0.001]. Longitudinal shortening had a similar relative contribution to global right ventricular ejection fraction in all groups [group 1 32% (28-39), group 2 29% (24-40), control group 31% (28-38), p = 0.6]. Radial shortening was lower in group 2 when compared to both group 1 and controls [45% (40-53) vs. 57% (51-62) and 56% (50-60), respectively p = 0.005]. The relative contribution of right ventricular shortening along the anteroposterior axis was not statistically different between groups [group 1 51% (41-55), group 2 56% (46-63), control group; 56% (50-64), p = 0.076].

Conclusion:

During early hemodynamic assessment, the right ventricular systolic function appears more impaired in ARDS unrelated to SARS-CoV-2 when compared to early stage SARS-CoV-2 ARDS. Radial shortening appears more involved than longitudinal and anteroposterior shortening in patients with ARDS unrelated to SARS-CoV-2 and decreased right ventricular ejection fraction.
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Full text: Available Collection: International databases Database: MEDLINE Type of study: Observational study / Randomized controlled trials Language: English Journal: Front Cardiovasc Med Year: 2022 Document Type: Article Affiliation country: Fcvm.2022.861464

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Full text: Available Collection: International databases Database: MEDLINE Type of study: Observational study / Randomized controlled trials Language: English Journal: Front Cardiovasc Med Year: 2022 Document Type: Article Affiliation country: Fcvm.2022.861464