Your browser doesn't support javascript.
INFLAMMATION, EXERCISE CAPACITY, CHRONOTROPY, and SYMPTOMS in POST-ACUTE COVID-19
Topics in Antiviral Medicine ; 30(1 SUPPL):38-39, 2022.
Article in English | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-1880187
ABSTRACT

Background:

Cardiopulmonary symptoms and reduced exercise capacity can persist after SARS-CoV-2 infection. Mechanisms of post-acute sequelae of COVID-19 ("PASC" or "Long COVID") remain poorly understood. We hypothesized that systemic inflammation would be associated with reduced exercise capacity and pericardial/myocardial inflammation.

Methods:

As part of a COVID recovery cohort (NCT04362150) we assessed symptoms, biomarkers, and echocardiograms in adults >2 months after PCR-confirmed SARS-CoV-2 infection. In a subset, we performed cardiac magnetic resonance imaging (CMR), ambulatory rhythm monitoring (RM), and cardiopulmonary exercise testing (CPET) >12 months after acute infection. Associations between symptoms and oxygen consumption (VO2), cardiopulmonary parameters and biomarkers were evaluated using linear and logistic regression with adjustment for age, sex, BMI, and time since infection.

Results:

We studied 120 participants (median age 51, 42% female, and 47% had cardiopulmonary symptoms at median 7 months after acute infection). Elevated hsCRP was associated with symptoms (OR 1.32 per doubling, 95%CI 1.01-1.73, p=0.04). No differences in echocardiographic indices were found except for presence of pericardial effusions among those with symptoms (p=0.04). Of the subset (n=33) who underwent CMR at a median 17 months, all had normal cardiac function (LVEF 53-76%), 9 (27%) had pericardial effusions and none had findings suggestive of prior myocarditis. There were no differences on RM by symptoms. On CPET, 33% had reduced exercise capacity (peak VO2 <85% predicted). Individuals with symptoms had lower peak VO2 compared to those reporting recovery (28.4 vs 21.4 ml/kg/min, p=0.04, Figure). Elevated hsCRP was independently associated with lower peak VO2 after adjustment (-9.8 ml/kg/min per doubling, 95%CI-17.0 to-2.5;p=0.01, Figure). The predominant mechanism of reduced peak VO2 was chronotropic incompetence (HR 19% lower than predicted, 95%CI 11-26%;p<0.0001, Figure). Chronotropic incompetence on CPET correlated with lower peak HR during ambulatory RM (p<0.001).

Conclusion:

Persistent systemic inflammation (hsCRP) is associated with pericardial effusions and reduced exercise capacity > 1 year after acute SARS-CoV-2 infection. This finding appears to be driven mainly by chronotropic incompetence rather than respiratory compromise, cardiac pump dysfunction, or deconditioning. Evaluation of therapeutic strategies to target inflammation and/or chronotropy to alleviate PASC is urgently needed.
Keywords
Search on Google
Collection: Databases of international organizations Database: EMBASE Type of study: Cohort study / Experimental Studies / Observational study / Prognostic study Topics: Long Covid Language: English Journal: Topics in Antiviral Medicine Year: 2022 Document Type: Article

Similar

MEDLINE

...
LILACS

LIS

Search on Google
Collection: Databases of international organizations Database: EMBASE Type of study: Cohort study / Experimental Studies / Observational study / Prognostic study Topics: Long Covid Language: English Journal: Topics in Antiviral Medicine Year: 2022 Document Type: Article