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SARS-CoV-2 co-detection with influenza A and other respiratory viruses among school-aged children and their household members- March 12, 2020, to February 22, 2022, Dane County, Wisconsin.
Temte, Jonathan L; Barlow, Shari; Temte, Emily; Goss, Maureen; Bateman, Allen; Florek, Kelsey; Uzicanin, Amra.
  • Temte JL; Department of Family Medicine and Community Health. University of Wisconsin School of Medicine and Public Health. Madison, WI.
  • Barlow S; Department of Family Medicine and Community Health. University of Wisconsin School of Medicine and Public Health. Madison, WI.
  • Temte E; Department of Family Medicine and Community Health. University of Wisconsin School of Medicine and Public Health. Madison, WI.
  • Goss M; Department of Family Medicine and Community Health. University of Wisconsin School of Medicine and Public Health. Madison, WI.
  • Bateman A; Wisconsin State Laboratory of Hygiene. Madison, WI.
  • Florek K; Wisconsin State Laboratory of Hygiene. Madison, WI.
  • Uzicanin A; U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Atlanta, GA.
Clin Infect Dis ; 2022 Jun 23.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1901144
ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND:

Concurrent detection of severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) and another respiratory virus in individuals can document contemporaneous circulation. We used an ongoing, community-based study of school-aged children and their households to evaluate SARS-CoV-2 co-detections with other respiratory viruses in a non-medically attended population over a two-year period.

METHODS:

Household enrollment was predicated on an acute respiratory illness in a child residing in that household who was also a kindergarten through 12th grade student in the participating school district. Demographic, symptom and household composition data, and self-collected nasal specimens were obtained on the recruitment day, and 7 and 14 days later, from the index child and all other household members. All specimens were tested for SARS-CoV-2/influenza A/B by RT-PCR. Day 0 specimens from the index children were simultaneously tested for 17 viruses using a commercial respiratory pathogen panel (RPP). To assess viral co-detections involving SARS-CoV-2, all household specimens were tested via RPP if the index child's Day 0 specimen tested positive to any of the 17 viral targets in RPP and any household member tested positive for SARS-CoV-2.

RESULTS:

Of 2,109 participants (497 index children in 497 households with 1,612 additional household members), two (0.1%) were positive for both SARS-CoV-2 and influenza A; an additional 11 (0.5%) were positive for SARS-CoV-2 and another RPP-covered respiratory virus. Co-detections predominantly affected school-aged children (12 out of 13 total) and were noted in 11 of 497 households.

CONCLUSIONS:

SARS-CoV-2 co-detections with other respiratory viruses were uncommon and predominated in school-aged children.
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Full text: Available Collection: International databases Database: MEDLINE Type of study: Diagnostic study Language: English Journal subject: Communicable Diseases Year: 2022 Document Type: Article

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Full text: Available Collection: International databases Database: MEDLINE Type of study: Diagnostic study Language: English Journal subject: Communicable Diseases Year: 2022 Document Type: Article