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A review of pig and poultry diseases in the Eastern Cape province of South Africa, 2000-2020
Journal of the South African Veterinary Association ; 93(31-37):31-37, 2022.
Article in English | CAB Abstracts | ID: covidwho-1935013
ABSTRACT
The informal poultry and pig sector in the Eastern Cape Province (ECP) of South Africa is of significant socio-economic importance as it sustains livelihoods and ensures food security;yet little is known about the distribution and prevalence of infectious and zoonotic diseases in this region. This paper reviews data published for pig and poultry diseases in the province during the last 20 years (2000-2020). The review included relevant published papers identified by a computerised literature search from Web of Science;provincial animal health reports;the national database from the Department of Agriculture, Land Reform and Rural Development (DALRRD);animal health reports submitted by DALRRD to the World Organisation for Animal Health (OIE) via the World Animal Health Information Database (WAHID) interface and laboratory records. A publication was considered eligible if it included qualitative or quantitative information on any disease affecting pigs and poultry including zoonosis. The search retrieved 174 publications, of which 26 were relevant. The review found that Newcastle disease (ND), coccidiosis and fowl pox (FP) were the most reported avian diseases in the national database, whereas avian infectious bronchitis (AIB), ND and highly pathogenic avian influenza (HPAI) were the most reported diseases in the OIE database. Classical swine fever (CSF) was the most reported pig disease in both databases. The retrieved literature on pig and poultry diseases was scarce and no longer up to date, providing decision makers with little information. The review identified important zoonotic diseases that require further studies yet failed to find information on important neglected diseases like leptospirosis.
Keywords
Prion, Viral, Bacterial and Fungal Pathogens of Animals [LL821]; Information and Documentation [CC300]; Meat Producing Animals [LL120]; Egg Producing Animals [LL130]; animal diseases; avian infectious bronchitis; avian influenza; avian influenza viruses; bacterial diseases; coccidiosis; databases; disease distribution; disease prevalence; epidemiology; fowl diseases; infectious diseases; leptospirosis; Newcastle disease; pathogens; poultry; poultry diseases; protozoal infections; publications; reviews; swine diseases; swine fever; viral diseases; World Organisation for Animal Health; zoonoses; influenza viruses; parasites; infections; parasitoses; Classical swine fever virus; Fowlpox virus; Infectious bronchitis virus; Leptospira; Newcastle disease virus; pigs; Orthomyxoviridae; Protozoa; fowls; birds; Eastern Cape; South Africa; Pestivirus; Flaviviridae; positive-sense ssRNA Viruses; ssRNA Viruses; RNA Viruses; viruses; Anglophone Africa; Africa; Commonwealth of Nations; high Human Development Index countries; Southern Africa; Africa South of Sahara; upper-middle income countries; Avipoxvirus; Chordopoxvirinae; Poxviridae; dsDNA Viruses; DNA Viruses; Avian coronavirus; Gammacoronavirus; Coronavirinae; Coronaviridae; Nidovirales; Leptospiraceae; Spirochaetales; Spirochaetes; Bacteria; prokaryotes; Avulavirus; Paramyxovirinae; Paramyxoviridae; Mononegavirales; negative-sense ssRNA Viruses; Sus scrofa; Sus; Suidae; Suiformes; Artiodactyla; mammals; vertebrates; Chordata; animals; eukaryotes; Gallus gallus; Gallus; Phasianidae; Galliformes; IBV infection; bird flu; bird influenza; Avian influenzavirus; bird grippe; bacterial infections; bacterioses; bacterium; Swine fever virus; Hog cholera virus; hog cholera; data banks; communicable diseases; avian distemper; avian pneumoencephalitis; swine; hogs; domesticated birds; protozoal diseases; subsaharan Africa; pig diseases; viral infections; OIE; Office International des Epizooties; zoonotic infections; parasitosis; parasitic diseases; parasitic infestations; chickens

Full text: Available Collection: Databases of international organizations Database: CAB Abstracts Type of study: Observational study / Qualitative research Language: English Journal: Journal of the South African Veterinary Association Year: 2022 Document Type: Article

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Full text: Available Collection: Databases of international organizations Database: CAB Abstracts Type of study: Observational study / Qualitative research Language: English Journal: Journal of the South African Veterinary Association Year: 2022 Document Type: Article