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A cross-sectional analysis of post-acute COVID-19 symptoms.
Perna, S; Abdulsattar, S; Alalwan, T A; Zahid, M N; Gasparri, C; Peroni, G; Faragli, A; La Porta, E; Ali Redha, A; Janahi, E M; Rondanelli, M.
  • Perna S; Department of Biology, College of Science, University of Bahrain, Sakhir, Kingdom of Bahrain.
  • Abdulsattar S; Department of Biology, College of Science, University of Bahrain, Sakhir, Kingdom of Bahrain.
  • Alalwan TA; Department of Biology, College of Science, University of Bahrain, Sakhir, Kingdom of Bahrain.
  • Zahid MN; Department of Biology, College of Science, University of Bahrain, Sakhir, Kingdom of Bahrain.
  • Gasparri C; Endocrinology and Nutrition Unit, Azienda di Servizi alla Persona ''Istituto Santa Margherita'', University of Pavia, Pavia, Italy.
  • Peroni G; Endocrinology and Nutrition Unit, Azienda di Servizi alla Persona ''Istituto Santa Margherita'', University of Pavia, Pavia, Italy.
  • Faragli A; Department of Internal Medicine/Cardiology, Deutsches Herzzentrum Berlin, Berlin, Germany.
  • La Porta E; Charité - Universitätsmedizin Berlin, Department of Internal Medicine and Cardiology, Campus Virchow-Klinikum, Berlin, Germany.
  • Ali Redha A; DZHK (German Centre for Cardiovascular Research), partner site Berlin, Germany.
  • Janahi EM; Berlin Institute of Health (BIH), Berlin, Germany.
  • Rondanelli M; Department of Cardionephrology, Istituto Clinico Ligure Di Alta Specialità (ICLAS), GVM Care and Research, Rapallo, Italy.
Ann Ig ; 34(5): 478-489, 2022.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1954748
ABSTRACT

Objectives:

The severe acute respiratory syndrome (COVID-19) due to SARS-CoV-2 was first reported in China in December 2019 and has generated a worldwide pandemic. The objective of the research is to examine and describe (a) the symptoms that persist after the end of the acute stage and (b) their relationship with the severity of the disease. Study

Design:

This study is a cross-sectional study conducted in the Kingdom of Bahrain on COVID-19 infected patients using an online survey questionnaire with a total number of 52 patient responses (29 females and 23 males).

Method:

A scale (0 no symptoms to 10 very high symptoms intensity) was assessed in patients after 3 months to detect the relevance of specific symptoms post-COVID-19 such as emotional and physical health, headache, dyspnoea, pain (muscles/joints/chest), anosmia, vertigo, neurologic symptoms, sarcopenia, delirium.

Results:

The most common COVID-19 symptoms were reported to be fever (69.2%), headache (59.6%), and cough (50.0%). Data analysis showed that BMI was not correlated with any post-acute COVID-19 symptoms. Regarding the post-acute COVID-19 symptoms, this study showed that an increase of intensity of headache was associated with an increase of delirium; an increase of intensity of dyspnoea was associated with an increase of pulmonary dysfunction. The increase of anosmia and dysgeusia was associated with an increase in delirium. In addition, the increase of neurological symptoms and delirium were associated with the increase of sarcopenia. The most common persistent post-COVID-19 symptoms observed in this study were emotional stress, followed by loss of smell and taste, and neurological symptoms.

Conclusions:

Therefore, follow-up and rehabilitation care for COVID-19 patients must be focused on addressing the needs of these people in the longer term.
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Full text: Available Collection: International databases Database: MEDLINE Main subject: Delirium / Sarcopenia / COVID-19 Type of study: Cohort study / Observational study / Prognostic study / Randomized controlled trials Topics: Long Covid Limits: Female / Humans / Male Language: English Journal: Ann Ig Journal subject: Microbiology / Public Health Year: 2022 Document Type: Article

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Full text: Available Collection: International databases Database: MEDLINE Main subject: Delirium / Sarcopenia / COVID-19 Type of study: Cohort study / Observational study / Prognostic study / Randomized controlled trials Topics: Long Covid Limits: Female / Humans / Male Language: English Journal: Ann Ig Journal subject: Microbiology / Public Health Year: 2022 Document Type: Article