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A CASE SERIES OF PEDIATRIC PATIENTS WITH BRAIN TUMORS AND PERIOPERATIVE COVID-19 INFECTION
Neuro-Oncology ; 24:i145, 2022.
Article in English | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-1956576
ABSTRACT

INTRODUCTION:

Surgery in patients diagnosed with COVID-19 is associated with increased risk of morbidity and mortality, especially within 6 weeks of SARSCoV- 2 infection. Furthermore, most studies have focused on adults, and little is known about perioperative outcomes in children with COVID-19.

METHODS:

We reviewed the operative census of the Division of Neurosurgery of Philippine General Hospital from March 2020 until December 2021. We identified all pediatric patients with brain tumors and confirmed COVID-19 infection within two weeks of their neuro-oncologic surgery. Their clinical course and outcomes are described herein.

RESULTS:

Four patients were included in this case series three had tumors in the cerebellum, one in the pineal region. All of them were boys, with ages ranging from 4 months to 13 years. All tumors were malignant, and two were confirmed to be medulloblastoma after tumor resection. COVID-19 infection was diagnosed by the presence of SARS-CoV-2 RNA through a nasopharyngeal swab. Three patients acquired the virus post-operatively, likely from nosocomial transmission. In the remaining patient, it was community-acquired. All the patients had chest radiographs consistent with pneumonia but none had marked elevation of serum inflammatory markers. No patient received remdesivir or tocilizumab. At the time of their presentation, either the COVID-19 vaccine was not yet available in the country, or the patient was not yet eligible for vaccination. One patient died because of brain herniation from tumor progression, two were discharged and eventually underwent adjuvant therapy, and one remained in-hospital as of this writing.

DISCUSSION:

COVID-19 infection resulted in delays in the management of patients with pediatric CNS tumors. Given the high risk of these patients for potential complications, consensus guidelines must be established to achieve good outcomes and prolong survival.
Keywords

Full text: Available Collection: Databases of international organizations Database: EMBASE Type of study: Clinical Practice Guide Topics: Vaccines Language: English Journal: Neuro-Oncology Year: 2022 Document Type: Article

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Full text: Available Collection: Databases of international organizations Database: EMBASE Type of study: Clinical Practice Guide Topics: Vaccines Language: English Journal: Neuro-Oncology Year: 2022 Document Type: Article