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Chest X-Ray image and pathological data based artificial intelligence enabled dual diagnostic method for multi-stage classification of COVID-19 patients
AIMS Biophysics ; 8(4):346-371, 2021.
Article in English | Scopus | ID: covidwho-1964164
ABSTRACT
The use of Artificial Intelligence (AI) in combination with Internet of Things (IoT) drastically reduces the need to test the COVID samples manually, saving not only time but money and ultimately lives. In this paper, the authors have proposed a novel methodology to identify the COVID-19 patients with an annotated stage to enable the medical staff to manually activate a geo-fence around the subject thus ensuring early detection and isolation. The use of radiography images with pathology data used for COVID-19 identification forms the first-ever contribution by any research group globally. The novelty lies in the correct stage classification of COVID-19 subjects as well. The present analysis would bring this AI Model on the edge to make the facility an IoT-enabled unit. The developed system has been compared and extensively verified thoroughly with those of clinical observations. The significance of radiography imaging for detecting and identification of COVID-19 subjects with severity score tag for stage classification is mathematically established. In a Nutshell, this entire algorithmic workflow can be used not only for predictive analytics but also for prescriptive analytics to complete the entire pipeline from the diagnostic viewpoint of a doctor. As a matter of fact, the authors have used a supervised based learning approach aided by a multiple hypothesis based decision fusion based technique to increase the overall system’s accuracy and prediction. The end to end value chain has been put under an IoT based ecosystem to leverage the combined power of AI and IoT to not only detect but also to isolate the coronavirus affected individuals. To emphasize further, the developed AI model predicts the respective categories of a coronavirus affected patients and the IoT system helps the point of care facilities to isolate and prescribe the need of hospitalization for the COVID patients © 2021. the Author(s), licensee AIMS Press. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http//creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0)
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Full text: Available Collection: Databases of international organizations Database: Scopus Type of study: Diagnostic study / Prognostic study / Screening study Language: English Journal: AIMS Biophysics Year: 2021 Document Type: Article

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Full text: Available Collection: Databases of international organizations Database: Scopus Type of study: Diagnostic study / Prognostic study / Screening study Language: English Journal: AIMS Biophysics Year: 2021 Document Type: Article