Your browser doesn't support javascript.
Prevalence of concurrent infections in broiler population of district Chakwal, Pakistan
Sarhad Journal of Agriculture ; 38(2):480-488, 2022.
Article in English | CAB Abstracts | ID: covidwho-2002723
ABSTRACT
Broiler population is one of the most important segments of livestock due to its significant contribution in white meat production. Infectious disease outbreaks adversely influence the production potential and consequently cause economic losses. Epidemiological data regarding magnitude of these disease outbreaks is of fundamental importance for planning of a comprehensive control strategy. With retrospective design, this study was conducted from January 2013 through December 2017 in order to assess the disease burden on broilers reared in different open type poultry houses. Out of total 658 commercial farms with capacity of 4221800 broilers, across Chakwal, a representative sample of 70 farms with capacity of 448000 broilers was randomly selected for collection and analysis of disease data. Five years' data of these randomly selected farms revealed highest (44.64%) crude morbidity during monsoon season followed by 23.92%, 22.12% and 17.49% for winter, spring and post-monsoon seasons respectively. The highest (14.90%) prevalence was recorded for new castle disease followed by infectious bursal disease (11.79%), pullorum disease (11.17%), colibacillosis (8.71%), infectious bronchitis (7.87%), inclusion body hepatitis (7.79%), chronic respiratory disease (7.67%), necrotic enteritis (6.48%), coccidiosis (6.09%), mycotoxicosis (5.43%), fowl cholera (4.74%), infectious coryza (4.41%), fowl typhoid (4.22%), omphalitis (3.71%) and hydropericardium syndrome (0.05%). Maximum share in crude morbidity was contributed by bacterial diseases with highest proportional morbidity of 48.68% followed by viral (40.32%), parasitic (5.80%) and fungal (5.20%) diseases. This epidemiological data represents true picture of study population and is a valuable tool for planning of prevention strategy and research priorities.
Keywords
Meat Producing Animals [LL120]; Prion, Viral, Bacterial and Fungal Pathogens of Animals [LL821]; Protozoan, Helminth, Mollusc and Arthropod Parasites of Animals [LL822]; Non-communicable Diseases and Injuries of Animals [LL860]; Diagnosis of Animal Diseases [LL886]; Toxicology and Poisoning of Animals [LL950]; aetiology; avian cholera; avian infectious bronchitis; avian infectious bursitis; broilers; coccidiosis; diagnosis; disease prevalence; disease prevention; disease surveys; enteritis necroticans; epidemiological surveys; epidemiology; Escherichia coli infections; fowl typhoid; heart; heart diseases; hepatitis; infectious coryza; morbidity; mortality; mycoses; mycotoxicoses; mycotoxins; Newcastle disease; omphalitis; outbreaks; parasitoses; poisoning; respiratory diseases; salmonellosis; seasonal variation; seasonality; spring; toxicity; wet season; winter; poultry; protozoal infections; parasites; infections; bacterial diseases; Avibacterium paragallinarum; coccidia; Eimeria; Escherichia coli; fowls; Infectious bronchitis virus; Infectious bursal disease virus; Newcastle disease virus; Pasteurella multocida; Salmonella Gallinarum; Protozoa; Pakistan; Avibacterium; Pasteurellaceae; Pasteurellales; Gammaproteobacteria; Proteobacteria; Bacteria; prokaryotes; Apicomplexa; eukaryotes; Eimeriidae; Eucoccidiorida; Escherichia; Enterobacteriaceae; Enterobacteriales; Gallus gallus; Gallus; Phasianidae; Galliformes; birds; vertebrates; Chordata; animals; Avian coronavirus; Gammacoronavirus; Coronavirinae; Coronaviridae; Nidovirales; positive-sense ssRNA Viruses; ssRNA Viruses; RNA Viruses; viruses; Avibirnavirus; Birnaviridae; dsRNA Viruses; Avulavirus; Paramyxovirinae; Paramyxoviridae; Mononegavirales; negative-sense ssRNA Viruses; Commonwealth of Nations; lower-middle income countries; medium Human Development Index countries; South Asia; Asia; Pasteurella; Salmonella enterica subsp. enterica; Salmonella enterica; Salmonella; causal agents; etiology; IBV infection; infectious bursal disease; disease surveillance; necrotizing enteritis; E. coli; colibacteriosis; chickens; coronary diseases; death rate; mycotoxin poisoning; fungal toxins; avian distemper; avian pneumoencephalitis; parasitosis; parasitic diseases; parasitic infestations; toxicosis; lung diseases; Salmonella infections; seasonal changes; seasonal fluctuations; rainy season; domesticated birds; protozoal diseases; bacterial infections; bacterioses; bacterium

Full text: Available Collection: Databases of international organizations Database: CAB Abstracts Type of study: Experimental Studies / Observational study / Randomized controlled trials Language: English Journal: Sarhad Journal of Agriculture Year: 2022 Document Type: Article

Similar

MEDLINE

...
LILACS

LIS


Full text: Available Collection: Databases of international organizations Database: CAB Abstracts Type of study: Experimental Studies / Observational study / Randomized controlled trials Language: English Journal: Sarhad Journal of Agriculture Year: 2022 Document Type: Article