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The importance of the long Covid-19 in the evolution of patients with neoplasms
Journal of Clinical Oncology ; 40(16), 2022.
Article in English | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-2009601
ABSTRACT

Background:

Patients with comorbidities especially those with oncological diseases could have severe COVID-19 outcomes.

OBJECTIVE:

The aim of this study was to evaluate the role of prolonged positivity of SARS-Cov2 in evolution of patients with various neoplasia.

Methods:

We analysed clinical and laboratory (hematological parameters and inflammatory markers interleukin-6 and ferritin) data of COVID-19 patients admitted in intensive care unit (ICU) Department of our hospital, during 2020-2021 and presented in medical history solid tumors or haematological neoplasia . The cohort of patients included 78 patients with severe and critical form of COVID-19, 31 patients with solid tumors and 47 patients with hematologic malignancies. We consider long COVID-19 all cases with SARS Cov2 positivity more than 14 days.

Results:

The frequency of long COVID-19 was quite equal between patients groups with solid tumors and hematologic malignancies, incidence rate 12, the incidence rate differences was 118, p = 0.75. Long COVID-19 was observed in 60% cases with favourable evolution, Chi-squared 5.35%, p = 0.02, these patients had moderate form and was admitted in hospital in 1 or more days after the onset, median value 3 (min 1, max 55) compared with patients with normal duration of positivity of SARS-Cov2 test-median value 2 (min 1, max 8), p = 0.01. The Kaplan Meyer survival analyses indicated long COVID-19 as predictive factor for unfavourable evolution, Chi-squared 17.97, p < 0.0001. Although we have not obtain significant differences, we observed more severe lymphopenia in patient without long COVID-19, probably because a part of these patients group died in the first 14 days of COVID-19 (0.765 (min 0.04, max 297.64) vs. 1.01 (min 0.09, max 254.35), p = 0.09). The rest of hematological and biochemistry parameters was not significant different between groups. Infectious and thrombotic complication was most frequent in patients with long COVID-19, Chi squared 8.6, p = 0.003.

Conclusions:

Long Covid-19 is predictable for unfavourable evolution and is associated with sepsis and thrombotic complication. This diagnosis is frequent in patients who was admitted in hospital after the onset of COVID-19 symptoms, early treatment of COVID-19 in oncological patients being very important for favourable evolution.
Keywords

Full text: Available Collection: Databases of international organizations Database: EMBASE Type of study: Cohort study / Experimental Studies / Observational study / Prognostic study / Randomized controlled trials Topics: Long Covid Language: English Journal: Journal of Clinical Oncology Year: 2022 Document Type: Article

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Full text: Available Collection: Databases of international organizations Database: EMBASE Type of study: Cohort study / Experimental Studies / Observational study / Prognostic study / Randomized controlled trials Topics: Long Covid Language: English Journal: Journal of Clinical Oncology Year: 2022 Document Type: Article