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Organ Involvement in Multisystem-Inflammatory Syndrome in Children Admitted to a Tertiary Hospital in Turkey
Cocuk Enfeksiyon Dergisi ; 16(2):77-86, 2022.
Article in English | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-2010458
ABSTRACT

Objective:

Multisystem inflammatory syndrome (MIS-C) in children is a newly defined and serious health problem that develops after SARS-CoV-2 infection. Our aim is to report epidemiological, clinical, laboratory and radiological features of children with MIS-C. Material and

Methods:

Forty patients who applied to our hospital from October 2020 to February 2021 and met the MIS-C criteria were included in the study. Patients with gastrointestinal involvement (GIS), cardiac involvement and Kawasaki Disease (KD)-like MIS-C were examined clini-cally and laboratory.

Results:

The mean age of the patients was 8.2 ± 4.2 years and male patients were in the majority (70%). The most common symptoms were fe-ver (100%) and fatigue (90%). Gastrointestinal symptoms were present in 71%, cardiac involvement in %40, Kawasaki-like patients in %52.5, shock symptoms in 59%. Elevated levels of C-reactive protein, D-dimer, and ferritin were found in 100%, 97.5%, and 67.5% of the patients, respec-tively. Patients with cardiac involvement had higher mean age and lower lymphocyte levels. Shock findings were higher in patients with KD-like MIS-C. Also, INR and ferritin levels were higher in KD-like MIS-C patients (p= 0.028). The mean platelet count (p= 0.004) and albumin levels were lower (p= 0.048) in shock group.

Conclusion:

MIS-C is a hyperinflammatory syndrome with cardiac, GIS, and lung involvement. Cardiac findings were not common in patients presenting with KD-like MIS-C, but a poor prognosis was observed in KD-like MIS-C patients. Patients with cardiac involvement were older and their lymphocyte count was lower.
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Full text: Available Collection: Databases of international organizations Database: EMBASE Type of study: Prognostic study Language: English Journal: Cocuk Enfeksiyon Dergisi Year: 2022 Document Type: Article

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Full text: Available Collection: Databases of international organizations Database: EMBASE Type of study: Prognostic study Language: English Journal: Cocuk Enfeksiyon Dergisi Year: 2022 Document Type: Article