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Influence of children living at home in food consumption habits during COVID-19 lockdown. Corona cooking Survey-Spain
Annals of Nutrition & Metabolism ; 78:28, 2022.
Article in English | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-2011432
ABSTRACT

Introduction:

State of alarm was declared in Spain from March 14th to June 21st, 2020 due to COVID-19 pandemic, forcing population to home confinement. "Corona Cooking Survey" (CCS) is an international project led by the University of Antwerp involving 38 countries worldwide.

Objectives:

To know the variations in the frequency of consumption of some foods in Spanish adult population during the COVID-19 lockdown according to their family composition.

Methods:

A Cross-sectional study of 679 Spanish adults aged 18-83 years (75.9% women) completed the CCS from April 20th to June 16th, 2020. A survey designed by FOOMS research group of the University of Antwerp, Gent University and KU Leuven, was translated into Spanish and distributed electronically to a convenience sample. Only questions about food frequency consumption were considered for analysis. Data were adjusted by family composition, according to the presence (CH n=259, 38.1%) or absence (NCH n=420, 61.9%) of children at home. Statistical analysis was performed with SPSS Statistics software v. 25 (IBM Corp., Armonk, NY, USA).

Results:

Fruits, vegetables, dairy, and non-sugared beverages, were the most frequently consumed (≥ 5-6 times/week), followed by white bread, pasta and grains (≥ 2-4 times/week). Both groups increased legumes/pulses, sweet snacks (both p <0.001), and salty snacks (NCH p <0.05;CH p <0.01) intake, while consumption of processed foods (p <0.001) decreased during the lockdown. Consumption of vegetables and unprocessed vegetarian alternatives decreased in NCH (both p <0.05), while CH increased plantbased drinks (p <0.01), dairy products and alcoholic beverages (both p <0.05).

Conclusion:

During the COVID-19 lockdown, presence of children at home influenced the frequency of vegetables, dairy, vegetarian alternatives, plant-based and alcoholic drinks consumption, but not the general trend of increasing legumes and decreasing processed foods intake.
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Collection: Databases of international organizations Database: ProQuest Central Type of study: Experimental Studies / Observational study / Randomized controlled trials Language: English Journal: Annals of Nutrition & Metabolism Year: 2022 Document Type: Article

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Collection: Databases of international organizations Database: ProQuest Central Type of study: Experimental Studies / Observational study / Randomized controlled trials Language: English Journal: Annals of Nutrition & Metabolism Year: 2022 Document Type: Article