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Triggers for Acceptance of COVID-19 Vaccination: A Community-Based Study.
Medhat, Mohammed A; Nour, Mohamed O; Yousef, Ahmed; El-Raey, Fathiya; Aly, Heba; Mousa, Sherief; Makhlouf, Nahed A; Elbadry, Mohamed; Baki, Amin Abdel; Saeed, Maysaa A; Abd-Elsalam, Sherief; Hassan, Esssam A; Shaltout, Shaker Wagih; Kh Fathelbab, Hanaa; Zaky, Samy.
  • Medhat MA; Tropical medicine and Gastroenterology Department, Assiut University, Assiut, Egypt.
  • Nour MO; Department of Public Health and Community Medicine, Damietta Faculty of Medicine, Al-Azhar University, Egypt.
  • Yousef A; Faculty of Public Health and Health Informatics, Umm Al-Qura University, Makkah, KSA.
  • El-Raey F; Department of Public Health and Community Medicine, Damietta Faculty of Medicine, Al-Azhar University, Egypt.
  • Aly H; Hepatogastroenterology and Infectious Diseases Department Al-Azhar University, Damietta, Egypt.
  • Mousa S; Tropical Medicine department, Faculty of Medicine, Ain Shams University.
  • Makhlouf NA; Endemic Medicine Department, Faculty of Medicine, Cairo University, Egypt.
  • Elbadry M; Tropical medicine and Gastroenterology Department, Assiut University, Assiut, Egypt.
  • Baki AA; Endemic Medicine Department, Helwan University, Cairo, Egypt.
  • Saeed MA; Hepatology, Gastrointerology and Infectious Diseases, National Hepatology and Tropical Medicine Research Institute (NHTMRI), Cairo, Egypt.
  • Abd-Elsalam S; Tropical Medicine Department, Faculty of Medicine, Zagazig University, Egypt.
  • Hassan EA; Tropical Medicine and Infectious Diseases Department, Faculty of Medicine, Tanta University, Egypt.
  • Shaltout SW; Tropical Medicine Department, Fayoum University, Egypt.
  • Kh Fathelbab H; Tropical Medicine Department, Faculty of Medicine, Port Said University.
  • Zaky S; Endemic Diseases Department, Minia University, Egypt.
Recent Adv Antiinfect Drug Discov ; 2022 Sep 07.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2022311
ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND:

COVID- 19 vaccines have been released, giving a major hope of getting rid of the dark pandemic crisis. Availability of vaccine does not necessarily mean that the mass vaccination program is a success. We aimed to investigate COVID-19 vaccination knowledge level, acceptance rate, and perception state among Egyptians.

METHODS:

An analytical cross-sectional online survey was carried out utilizing a self-administered adult questionnaire which assesses vaccination acceptance with related socio-demographic factors and perceptions based on health belief model perspectives. Predictors of vaccination acceptance were based on logistic regression analysis.

RESULTS:

We analyzed data for 957 participants, aged 18-78 years, 55.7% were females, and 66.9% were healthcare workers (HCWs). About one-fourth had history of confirmed COVID-19 infection and 56.5% would accept to have one of COVID-19 vaccines where "Pfizer" was the most preferable one (37.8%), while "AstraZeneca" was the most rejected vaccine (26.8%). The 1st vaccine dose was received by 273 (28.5%) of which 260 were intended to receive the 2nd dose. Vaccine efficacy, side effects, protection time, and administration route were essentially among factors that may influence their decision to accept COVID-19 vaccines. About 83.1% had good knowledge about vaccination which was significantly higher with increased age, among graduates/professionals, governmental workers, HCWs in addition to those able to save/invest money, had history of confirmed COVID-19 infection, and intending to have COVID-19 vaccine.. Perceptions that vaccination decreases chance of getting COVID-19 or its complications (OR=9.28; CI 5.03-17.12), vaccination makes less worry about catching COVID-19 (OR=6.76; CI 3.88-11.76), and being afraid of getting COVID-19 (OR=2.04; CI 1.26-3.31) were strong significant predictors for vaccine acceptance.

CONCLUSIONS:

Vaccine campaigns should emphasize vaccine benefits and highlight severity of infection, while addressing barriers to vaccination in order to improve vaccine coverage among populations.
Keywords

Full text: Available Collection: International databases Database: MEDLINE Type of study: Observational study / Prognostic study / Randomized controlled trials Topics: Vaccines Language: English Year: 2022 Document Type: Article Affiliation country: 2772434417666220907151635

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Full text: Available Collection: International databases Database: MEDLINE Type of study: Observational study / Prognostic study / Randomized controlled trials Topics: Vaccines Language: English Year: 2022 Document Type: Article Affiliation country: 2772434417666220907151635