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Association of health behaviors with mental health problems in adolescents during COVID-19
Journal of Psychosomatic Research ; Conference: 10th annual scientific conference of the European Association of Psychosomatic Medicine (EAPM). Wroclaw Poland. 169 (no pagination), 2023.
Article in English | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-20237039
ABSTRACT

Aim:

Adolescents have experienced disruption in their daily routines, including changes in health behaviors such as an increased sedentary behavior and increased smartphone usage. The aim of this study was to assess the association of health behaviors with mental health problems. Method(s) Five cross-sectional surveys (February 2021 to May 2022) were performed during the pandemic assessing physical activity, smartphone usage, depressive symptoms (Patient Health Questionaire-9 (PHQ-9)), anxiety symptoms (Generalized Anxiety Disorder Scale 7 (GAD-7)), sleep quality (Insomnia Severity Index 7 (ISI-7)), and stress (Perceived Stress Scale 10 (PSS-10)). In total, N = 7201 adolescents (age 14-20 years ((MW +/- SD) 16.63 +/- 1.49 years);70.2% female, 18.8% migration background) participated. Result(s) A strong increase in mobile phone usage as well as a decrease in physical activity as compared to pre-pandemic data were observed (p < 0.001). Compared to the lowest smartphone user group (<1 h/d), the adjusted odds ratios (aOR) for depressive symptoms increased with increasing smartphone usage to 1.98 (3-4 h/d), 3.30 (5-6 h/d), 4.96 (7-8 h/d), and 6.79 (>8 h/d). High utilizers (>8 h/d) were also more likely to experience clinically relevant anxiety, insomnia, or stress symptoms (aORs 3.23-5.75) compared to those using the smartphone less than 1 h/d. Conclusion(s) Results highlight the need for measures to promote responsible smartphone usage as well as to increase physical activity, so as to promote mental health in adolescence.Copyright © 2023
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Full text: Available Collection: Databases of international organizations Database: EMBASE Type of study: Observational study / Prognostic study / Randomized controlled trials Language: English Journal: Journal of Psychosomatic Research Year: 2023 Document Type: Article

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Full text: Available Collection: Databases of international organizations Database: EMBASE Type of study: Observational study / Prognostic study / Randomized controlled trials Language: English Journal: Journal of Psychosomatic Research Year: 2023 Document Type: Article