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The Effect of Primary School Education on Preventive Behaviours during COVID-19 in Japan
Sustainability ; 15(11):8655, 2023.
Article in English | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-20244953
ABSTRACT
Education plays a critical role in promoting preventive behaviours against the spread of pandemics. In Japan, handwashing education in primary schools was positively correlated with preventive behaviours against COVID-19 transmission for adults in 2020, during the early stages of COVID-19. The following year, the Tokyo Olympics were held in Japan, and a state of emergency was declared several times. Public perceptions of and risks associated with the pandemic changed drastically with the emergence of COVID-19 vaccines. We re-examined whether the effect of handwashing education on preventive behaviours persisted by covering a longer period of the COVID-19 pandemic than previous studies. A total of 26 surveys were conducted nearly once a month for 30 months from March 2020 (the early stage of COVID-19) to September 2022 in Japan. By corresponding with the same individuals across surveys, we comprehensively gathered data on preventive behaviours during this period. In addition, we asked about the handwashing education they had received in their primary school. We used the data to investigate how and to what degree school education is associated with pandemic-mitigating preventive behaviours. We found that handwashing education in primary school is positively associated with behaviours such as handwashing and mask wearing as a COVID-19 preventive measure but not related to staying at home. We observed a statistically significant difference in handwashing between adults who received childhood handwashing education and those who did not. This difference persisted throughout the study period. In comparison, the difference in mask wearing between the two groups was smaller but still statistically significant. Furthermore, there was no difference in staying at home between them. Childhood hygiene education has resulted in individuals engaging in handwashing and mask wearing to cope with COVID-19. Individuals can form sustainable development-related habits through childhood education.
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Full text: Available Collection: Databases of international organizations Database: ProQuest Central Type of study: Experimental Studies / Observational study / Prognostic study / Randomized controlled trials Topics: Vaccines Language: English Journal: Sustainability Year: 2023 Document Type: Article

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Full text: Available Collection: Databases of international organizations Database: ProQuest Central Type of study: Experimental Studies / Observational study / Prognostic study / Randomized controlled trials Topics: Vaccines Language: English Journal: Sustainability Year: 2023 Document Type: Article