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In Times of Adversity: A Neuroscience Perspective on Stress, Health, and Implications for Society Post-pandemic
The Yale Journal of Biology and Medicine ; 95(1):165-170, 2022.
Article in English | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-2045794
ABSTRACT
The relationship between chronic stress and chronic disease (including mental illness) is well established HPA-axis hyperactivity leads to hormonal dysregulation of primary mediators (eg, glucocorticoids, cytokines, etc.), allostatic overload, and neurological degradation, followed by clinical manifestations of disease. Amid the largest public health crisis of the century lay a myriad of challenges pushing people beyond their limit. From experiencing loss of connection or dealing with loss of life to financial shocks of COVID-19 lockdowns or infection by the SARS-CoV-2 virus, stress is at an all-time high, threatening both brain and mental health at scale. Fortunately, there is a way forward the neuroscience of resilience teaches us that it is possible to resist, recover, and redirect the brain from trauma to re-establish balance in the body and improve well-being. At the same time, health follows a social gradient adverse and protective psychosocial factors are shaped by wider social and economic determinants of health. This paper argues the neurobiology of stress is not separate from health disparities linked to adverse factors (ie, stress) created by complex social and economic contexts. Therefore, the field of neuroscience is challenged to inform multi-context and multi-level approaches and engage with decision-makers to enact policies and interventions aimed at promoting the resilient element in a wider population health context. Undoubtedly, achieving such a goal for current and future generations to benefit and lead healthier lives requires a heroic effort from all key stakeholders. The cost of willful neglect to resolve these issues is too expensive.
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Collection: Databases of international organizations Database: ProQuest Central Type of study: Prognostic study Language: English Journal: The Yale Journal of Biology and Medicine Year: 2022 Document Type: Article

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Collection: Databases of international organizations Database: ProQuest Central Type of study: Prognostic study Language: English Journal: The Yale Journal of Biology and Medicine Year: 2022 Document Type: Article