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"keep the Receipts:" The Political Economy of IMF Austerity during and after the Crisis Years of 2009 and 2020
Journal of Globalization and Development ; 2022.
Article in English | Scopus | ID: covidwho-2054447
ABSTRACT
In 2009, the International Monetary Fund (IMF) reformed its lending arrangements and conditionality. Thereafter, it has pursued "parsimony,"emphasizing headline fiscal adjustments rather than detailed budgetary changes. This paper analyzes the extent to which these reforms have resulted in changes to the overall austerity required by IMF agreements. We create a new variable measuring the level of fiscal consolidation required in each IMF program from 2001 through 2021 the IMF Fiscal Adjustment Indicator (IMF FAI). We explore whether IMF austerity eased after the financial crisis and the later COVID-19 pandemic. We also estimate the economic and political determinants that help explain varying levels of IMF austerity across IMF programs during this period. We find that IMF conditions were less austere for the years of 2009 and 2020, but quickly returned to their previous levels, echoing the IMF's advice to "keep the receipts"during crises. However, these temporary relaxations were not statistically significant, pointing to overarching continuity. We find that countries that were granted relatively more lenient conditionality were found to be those with closer relations with major shareholders of the IMF Western Europe and the United States. In contrast, countries with close diplomatic relations with China face higher IMF austerity. © 2022 Walter de Gruyter GmbH, Berlin/Boston 2022.
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Full text: Available Collection: Databases of international organizations Database: Scopus Language: English Journal: Journal of Globalization and Development Year: 2022 Document Type: Article

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Full text: Available Collection: Databases of international organizations Database: Scopus Language: English Journal: Journal of Globalization and Development Year: 2022 Document Type: Article