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Maternal and fetal issues in COVID-19-mediated thromboinflammation
Autoimmunity, COVID-19, Post-COVID19 Syndrome and COVID-19 Vaccination ; : 603-622, 2022.
Article in English | Scopus | ID: covidwho-2252318
ABSTRACT
The COVID-19 pandemic has become the greatest challenge to humanity of this century and has raised many new questions in various fields, primarily in medicine—in the field of microbiology, pathological anatomy and pathophysiology, immunology, clinical hemostasis, and almost all clinical disciplines, including, of course, obstetrics and perinatology. Systemic effects of SARS-CoV-2 are largely associated with thromboinflammation. The cause of death from COVID-19 is mainly pulmonary insufficiency and/or thrombosis (macro- and microcirculation). Pregnancy, even under normal conditions, is accompanied by changes in hemostasis with a shift toward hypercoagulation and increased inflammation, mainly in the third trimester of pregnancy. This in itself creates conditions for unfavorable outcomes for the mother and fetus. At the same time, pregnancy is a unique condition when a semiallogeneic fetus is reliably protected by the placenta from pathogenic influences under normal conditions. Despite this, the issue of transplacental transmission of the SARS-CoV-2 virus from mother to fetus is still debatable—individual observations allow us to judge this possibility. The issue of vaccination in pregnant women and its effect on the fetus is also extremely relevant. The chapter discusses the pathogenesis of complications in COVID-19, epidemiology, as well as possible ways to predict and prevent SARS-CoV-2-mediated pregnancy complications. © 2023 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
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Full text: Available Collection: Databases of international organizations Database: Scopus Language: English Journal: Autoimmunity, COVID-19, Post-COVID19 Syndrome and COVID-19 Vaccination Year: 2022 Document Type: Article

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Full text: Available Collection: Databases of international organizations Database: Scopus Language: English Journal: Autoimmunity, COVID-19, Post-COVID19 Syndrome and COVID-19 Vaccination Year: 2022 Document Type: Article