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Serologic response and safety after third dose of the COVID-19 BNT162b2 vaccine in patients with Inflammatory Bowel Diseases
Journal of Crohn's and Colitis ; 17(Supplement 1):i772-i773, 2023.
Article in English | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-2257914
ABSTRACT

Background:

Vaccines are pivotal for control of the ongoing coronavirus disease (COVID-19) pandemic. Patients with inflammatory bowel diseases (IBD) treated with anti-tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-alpha have lower serologic response after two COVID-19 vaccine doses. Data regarding a 3rd vaccine are scarce. Method(s)

Aim:

To assess immune responses to, and safety of COVID-19 vaccines in patients with IBD, stratified according to therapy, and compared to healthy controls (HC). Subjects were recruited before the 1st vaccine (BNT162b2, Pfizer) and prospectively evaluated after the 2nd and 3rd vaccine doses. Evaluation included Disease activity, anti-spike (S) and nucleocapsid (N), anti-TNFalpha drug levels and adverse events (AE)

Results:

Of 198 subjects having the 3rd vaccine dose, 125 had IBD average age 39.1+/-14.8 years;40.8% females;82-Crohn's disease (CD), 33 ulcerative colitis (UC), 6 pouch, 3 IBD-U. There were 73 HC average age 39.4+/-12.5 years, 69.9% females. Among patients with IBD 51 and 74 (40.8%, 59.2%)) were treated or not with anti-TNFalpha, respectively. A month after the 3rd vaccine dose IBD activity was comparable in all patients regardless of treatment, and no increase in C-reactive protein or white blood cells was observed. Higher but not significant AE rate was registered in all subjects after the 3rd compared to 2nd vaccine dose (81% vs. 76%, respectively). AE rate in IBD and HC was comparable. No serious AE detected. There was a significant increase in anti-S levels one month after compared to pre 3rd vaccine dose in all participants. Furthermore, increase was 2-3 folds higher than that observed one month after the 2nd dose. Importantly, patients treated with anti-TNFalpha compared to non-anti-TNFalpha treated had significantly lower responses 9219 (6347-13390) vs 16955 (13721-20951) (GMC (95%CI)), p<0.05. Serologic response did not correlate with anti-TNFalpha drug levels, antibodies or interval between drug and vaccine administration. During extended follow-up post 3rd dose, we found that lower serologic response predicts infection over time. Conclusion(s) This prospective study shows that a 3rd dose of BNT162b2 vaccine is effective and safe in patients with IBD. Furthermore, patients treated with anti-TNFalpha had significantly lower serologic responses compared to anti-TNFalpha untreated ones. Lack of correlation between anti-TNFalpha drug levels and immune responses suggests there is no need to modify vaccination timing relatively to anti-TNFalpha administration. The significantly steeper increase in anti-S levels between 2nd and 3rd doses, suggests the 3rd dose is crucial in anti-TNFalpha treated patients, specifically due to the fact that higher serologic response predicts better defense from infection.
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Full text: Available Collection: Databases of international organizations Database: EMBASE Topics: Vaccines Language: English Journal: Journal of Crohn's and Colitis Year: 2023 Document Type: Article

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Full text: Available Collection: Databases of international organizations Database: EMBASE Topics: Vaccines Language: English Journal: Journal of Crohn's and Colitis Year: 2023 Document Type: Article