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Clinical characteristics of patients with diabetes mellitus complicated with COVID-19.
Chinese Journal of Diabetes Mellitus ; 12(7):496-499, 2020.
Article in Chinese | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-2282950
ABSTRACT

Objective:

To study the clinical characteristics of diabetes mellitus with Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) and explore the possible mechanism of diabetes predisposition. Method(s) A single center, retrospective and observational study was used to collect 48 inpatients diagnosed with COVID-19 who were admitted to the first ward of the third department of infection, Raytheon hospital, Wuhan from February 23, 2020 to March 30, 2020. Demographic data, symptoms, laboratory tests, comorbidities, treatments and clinical outcomes have been collected. The patients were divided into non-diabetic group and diabetic group according to the combination of diabetes. The clinical data and laboratory test results of the two groups were observed, and the t test, non-parametric test and Chi square test were used for comparison. Result(s) All the 5 patients with COVID-19 diabetes mellitus had fever and respiratory symptoms, chest CT was consistent with typical COVID-19 imaging features, and novel coronavirus nucleic acid test results were positive. There were no statistically significant differences in age, gender composition, co-existing diseases, clinical symptoms, clinical typing, disease course and treatment plan between the diabetic group and the non-diabetic group (P>0.05).There was a statistically significant difference in fasting blood glucose between the non-diabetic group and the diabetic group (P<0.05).The difference of fasting blood glucose at discharge from the diabetes group compared with that at admission was also statistically significant (P<0.05).There was no statistically significant difference between the two groups in other laboratory examination indexes (P>0.05). Conclusion(s) COVID-19 patients with diabetes are mainly manifested by fever and respiratory symptoms.Chest CT shows typical COVID-19 imaging features.Copyright © 2020 by the Chinese Medical Association.
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Full text: Available Collection: Databases of international organizations Database: EMBASE Type of study: Prognostic study Language: Chinese Journal: Chinese Journal of Diabetes Mellitus Year: 2020 Document Type: Article

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Full text: Available Collection: Databases of international organizations Database: EMBASE Type of study: Prognostic study Language: Chinese Journal: Chinese Journal of Diabetes Mellitus Year: 2020 Document Type: Article