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Efficacy of convective-diffusion models to study the transient behaviour of a sewage-sludge-filled packed column for aqueous phase adsorption of fluoroquinolones: Consideration of pseudo-kinetics driven depletion of species
Journal of Environmental Chemical Engineering ; 11(3), 2023.
Article in English | Scopus | ID: covidwho-2293894
ABSTRACT
Ciprofloxacin and ofloxacin belong to a class of antibiotics called Fluoroquinolones (FQs), which have a wide anti-bacterial activity against Gram-positive and Gram-negative bacteria. Since the recent Covid-19 pandemic witnessed a magnanimous rise in the use of antibiotics to prevent secondary bacterial infections, it led to vast production and use of such antibiotics. Ultimately the antibiotics get discharged into the municipal sewer pipes, thereby killing the useful microbial colony. In order to prevent environmental degradation a commercial scale-up of the adsorption of these antibiotics using raw sewage sludge is an absolute necessity. In this study, a continuous adsorption operation is conducted in a packed bed of semi-dried raw sewage sludge to remove the FQs from wastewater. Two transient convective-diffusion models are developed including pseudo-first and second-order kinetics driven depletion terms. The models are optimised using the data collected under various dynamic conditions in order to analyse the performance of the packed bed in terms of bed height, flow rate and initial concentration of the FQs. Damköhler numbers of the FQs are estimated to predict the breakthrough times of both the FQs. The ratios of Damköhler numbers of ciprofloxacin and ofloxacin do not change much with flow rate. In all the experiments, Das << 1 for both the FQs, indicating a faster diffusion process with respect to the rate of pseudo-reaction. Diffusion reaches an ‘equilibrium' well before the reaction achieves pseudo-chemical equilibrium. Ratios of the Damköhler numbers, meant to represent the first-order and second-order convective-diffusion models for ciprofloxacin to ofloxacin is < 1. © 2023 Elsevier Ltd
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Full text: Available Collection: Databases of international organizations Database: Scopus Language: English Journal: Journal of Environmental Chemical Engineering Year: 2023 Document Type: Article

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Full text: Available Collection: Databases of international organizations Database: Scopus Language: English Journal: Journal of Environmental Chemical Engineering Year: 2023 Document Type: Article