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Clinical significance of assessing ADAMTS-13 and von Willebrand factor level in COVID-19 convalescent pregnant women.
Obstetrics, Gynecology and Reproduction ; 17(1):8-17, 2023.
Article in Russian | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-2314763
ABSTRACT
Introduction. Coronavirus infection is associated with severe endotheliopathy, thromboinflammation and immunothrombosis leading to excessive release of von Willebrand factor (vWF) multimers from Weibel-Palade bodies, which can affect activity of ADAMTS-13 metalloproteinase (a disintegrin and metalloproteinase with thrombospondin type 1 motif, member 13) and the ADAMTS-13/vWF axis previously shown by us to be altered in non-pregnant women with severe COVID-19. Aim(s) to study a clinical role of hemostasis activation particularly ADAMTS-13/vWF axis in pregnant women after COVID-19. Materials and Methods. A prospective case-control study was conducted with pregnant women (n = 135) divided into 3 groups group 1 included 45 women with prior COVID-19 during pregnancy, group 2 - 45 women in the acute phase of the infection during pregnancy, group 3 - 45 healthy pregnant women. The level of vWF and ADAMTS-13 was assessed in all patients. Results. The concentration of vWF antigen (vWFAg) in the acute period of the disease in pregnant women with COVID-19 was significantly higher compared to the control group (p < 0.001). ADAMTS-13 level in pregnant women after COVID-19 did not differ from that of in control group, while vWF level was significantly higher in 66.7 % (30/45). The ADAMTS-13/vWF ratio was increased and significantly differed both in pregnant patients during the acute period of the disease (p < 0.001) and pregnant women after infection (p = 0.0002) compared with the control group. Conclusion. Our results show that endotheliopathy was prominently manifested in pregnant women with COVID-19 and persisted for several months after disease. The ADAMTS-13/vWF ratio determines the pathway functioning, the risk of microcirculation disorders and clinical complications.Copyright © 2023 Vestnik Sankt-Peterburgskogo Universiteta, Yazyk i Literatura. All rights reserved.
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Full text: Available Collection: Databases of international organizations Database: EMBASE Type of study: Prognostic study Language: Russian Journal: Obstetrics, Gynecology and Reproduction Year: 2023 Document Type: Article

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Full text: Available Collection: Databases of international organizations Database: EMBASE Type of study: Prognostic study Language: Russian Journal: Obstetrics, Gynecology and Reproduction Year: 2023 Document Type: Article