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Pedestrians and the Built Environment during the COVID-19 Pandemic: Changing Relationships by the Pandemic Phases in Salt Lake County, Utah, U.S.A.
Park, Keunhyun; Singleton, Patrick A; Brewer, Simon; Zuban, Jessica.
  • Park K; Department of Forest Resources Management, University of British Columbia, Vancouver BC, Canada.
  • Singleton PA; Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, Utah State University, Logan, UT.
  • Brewer S; Department of Geography, University of Utah, Salt Lake City, UT.
  • Zuban J; Department of Botany, University of Otago, Dunedin, New Zealand.
Transp Res Rec ; 2677(4): 448-462, 2023 Apr.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2318009
ABSTRACT
The COVID-19 pandemic has dramatically altered people's travel behavior, in particular outdoor activities, including walking. Their behavior changes may have prolonged effects after the pandemic, and such changes vary by the context and are related to the characteristics of the built environment. But empirical studies about the relationships between pedestrians and the built environment during the pandemic are lacking. This study explores how COVID-19 and related travel restrictions have affected the relationship between pedestrian traffic volume and the built environment. We estimate daily pedestrian volumes for all signalized intersections in Salt Lake County, Utah, U.S.A., from pedestrian push-button log data between January 2019 and October 2020. Multilevel spatial filtering models show that the COVID-19 pandemic has altered the relationship between pedestrian traffic volume and the built environment. During the pandemic, the higher the number of COVID-19 cases, the less (or more negative) the effects of density, street connectivity, and destination accessibility on pedestrian volume being observed. The exception is access to urban parks, as it became more significant in increasing pedestrian activities during the pandemic. The models also highlight the negative impacts of the pandemic in economically disadvantaged areas. Our findings could help urban and transportation planners find effective interventions to promote active transportation and physical activity amid the global pandemic.
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Full text: Available Collection: International databases Database: MEDLINE Type of study: Prognostic study Language: English Journal: Transp Res Rec Year: 2023 Document Type: Article Affiliation country: 03611981221083606

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Full text: Available Collection: International databases Database: MEDLINE Type of study: Prognostic study Language: English Journal: Transp Res Rec Year: 2023 Document Type: Article Affiliation country: 03611981221083606