Your browser doesn't support javascript.
Incarceration And Its Disseminations: COVID-19 Pandemic Lessons From Chicago's Cook County Jail.
Reinhart, Eric; Chen, Daniel L.
  • Reinhart E; Eric Reinhart (reinhar@fas.harvard.edu) is a PhD candidate in the Department of Anthropology, Harvard University, in Cambridge, Massachusetts, and an MD candidate at the University of Chicago Pritzker School of Medicine, in Chicago, Illinois. He is also a candidate in adult psychoanalysis at the Chicago Center for Psychoanalysis.
  • Chen DL; Daniel L. Chen is a director of research at the Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique (CNRS), in Paris, France; a professor at the Toulouse School of Economics and Université de Toulouse Faculty of Law, in Toulouse, France; and lead principal investigator of the DE JURE (Data and Evidence for Justice Reform) Program at the World Bank in Washington, D.C.
Health Aff (Millwood) ; 39(8): 1412-1418, 2020 08.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-526700
Semantic information from SemMedBD (by NLM)
1. American College of Cardiology/American Heart Association Lesion Complexity Score A PROCESS_OF Offenders
Subject
American College of Cardiology/American Heart Association Lesion Complexity Score A
Predicate
PROCESS_OF
Object
Offenders
2. Infection PROCESS_OF Community
Subject
Infection
Predicate
PROCESS_OF
Object
Community
3. Anatomic Node PART_OF 2019 novel coronavirus
Subject
Anatomic Node
Predicate
PART_OF
Object
2019 novel coronavirus
4. American College of Cardiology/American Heart Association Lesion Complexity Score A PROCESS_OF Offenders
Subject
American College of Cardiology/American Heart Association Lesion Complexity Score A
Predicate
PROCESS_OF
Object
Offenders
5. Infection PROCESS_OF Community
Subject
Infection
Predicate
PROCESS_OF
Object
Community
6. Anatomic Node PART_OF 2019 novel coronavirus
Subject
Anatomic Node
Predicate
PART_OF
Object
2019 novel coronavirus
ABSTRACT
Jails and prisons are major sites of novel coronavirus (SARS-CoV-2) infection. Many jurisdictions in the United States have therefore accelerated the release of low-risk offenders. Early release, however, does not address how arrest and pretrial detention practices may be contributing to disease spread. Using data from Cook County Jail-one of the largest known nodes of SARS-CoV-2 spread in the United States-in Chicago, Illinois, we analyzed the relationship between jailing practices and community infections at the ZIP code level. We found that jail-community cycling was a significant predictor of cases of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19), accounting for 55 percent of the variance in case rates across ZIP codes in Chicago and 37 percent of the variance in all of Illinois. Jail-community cycling far exceeds race, poverty, public transit use, and population density as a predictor of variance. The data suggest that cycling people through Cook County Jail alone is associated with 15.7 percent of all documented COVID-19 cases in Illinois and 15.9 percent of all documented cases in Chicago as of April 19, 2020. Our findings support arguments for reduced reliance on incarceration and for related justice reforms both as emergency measures during the present pandemic and as sustained structural changes vital for future pandemic preparedness and public health.
Subject(s)
Keywords

Full text: Available Collection: International databases Database: MEDLINE Document Type: Article Main subject: Pneumonia, Viral / Prisons / Prisoners / Communicable Disease Control / Public Health / Coronavirus Infections / Infectious Disease Transmission, Vertical Subject: Pneumonia, Viral / Prisons / Prisoners / Communicable Disease Control / Public Health / Coronavirus Infections / Infectious Disease Transmission, Vertical Type of study: Determinantes_sociais_saude / Equity and inequality / Evaluation study / Prognostic study Language: English Journal: Health Aff (Millwood) Clinical aspect: Etiology / Prediction / Prognosis Year: 2020

Similar

MEDLINE

...
LILACS

LIS


Full text: Available Collection: International databases Database: MEDLINE Document Type: Article Main subject: Pneumonia, Viral / Prisons / Prisoners / Communicable Disease Control / Public Health / Coronavirus Infections / Infectious Disease Transmission, Vertical Subject: Pneumonia, Viral / Prisons / Prisoners / Communicable Disease Control / Public Health / Coronavirus Infections / Infectious Disease Transmission, Vertical Type of study: Determinantes_sociais_saude / Equity and inequality / Evaluation study / Prognostic study Language: English Journal: Health Aff (Millwood) Clinical aspect: Etiology / Prediction / Prognosis Year: 2020
...