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COVID-19 in the state of Ceará: Behaviors and beliefs in the arrival of the pandemic / COVID-19 no estado do Ceará, Brasil: Comportamentos e crenças na chegada da pandemia
Cienc. Saude Coletiva ; 5(25): 1575-1586, 2020.
Article in English, Portuguese | ELSEVIER | ID: covidwho-686823
ABSTRACT
This study aimed to evaluate the behav-ioral aspects and beliefs of the population of Ceará in the face of the COVID-19 pandemic. An online questionnaire was conducted on sociodemograph-ic aspects and opinions related to the pandemic. Absolute and relative frequencies were calculated, the association between variables was performed with Chi-square, and the level of significance was 5%. The final sample had 2,259 participants, and an association was observed between females and perceiving themselves with a high risk of infection (p = 0.044) and males with non-performance of voluntary quarantine (p < 0.001). People aged 80 years and over were partially quarantined due to the flow of people at home (p < 0.001). Participants with elementary school education had a lower risk of infection than participants with a higher level of education (p < 0.001). This group includes people who did voluntary quarantine the least (p < 0.001). Participants living in the inland region of the state had less direct contact with someone tested positive for the Coronavirus (p = 0.031) and are less reclusive (p < 0.001). We can conclude that the approach to the COVID-19 pandemic varies by social aspects, such as gender, age, education, and place of residence, as well as the belief system of the population of the State of Ceará.

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Full text: Available Database: ELSEVIER Type: Article Language: English / Portuguese Journal: Cienc. Saude Coletiva Year: 2020