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The diagnostic value of joint detection of serum IgM and IgG antibodies to 2019-nCoV in 2019-nCoV infection / 血清2019新型冠状病毒IgM和IgG抗体联合检测在新型冠状病毒感染中的诊断价值
Xu, Wanzhou; Li, Juan; He, Xiaoyun; Zhang, Caiqing; Mei, Siqing; Li, Congrong; Li, Yan; Cheng, Shaohua; Zhang, Ping'an.
  • Xu, Wanzhou; Department of Clinical Laboratory. Wuhan. China
  • Li, Juan; Department of Clinical Laboratory. Wuhan. China
  • He, Xiaoyun; Department of Clinical Laboratory. Wuhan. China
  • Zhang, Caiqing; Department of Clinical Laboratory. Wuhan. China
  • Mei, Siqing; Department of Clinical Laboratory. Wuhan. China
  • Li, Congrong; Department of Clinical Laboratory. Wuhan. China
  • Li, Yan; Department of Clinical Laboratory. Wuhan. China
  • Cheng, Shaohua; Department of Quality and Safety Management. Wuhan. China
  • Zhang, Ping'an; Department of Clinical Laboratory. Wuhan. China
Chinese J. Lab. Med. ; 3(43): 230-233, 20200311.
Article in Chinese | WHO COVID, ELSEVIER | ID: covidwho-769462
ABSTRACT

Objective:

To investigate the diagnostic value of immunoglobulin M (IgM) and immunoglobulin G(IgG) antibodies to 2019 Novel Coronavirus (2019-nCoV) in 2019-nCoV infection.

Methods:

This is a retrospective study. Serum samples were collected from 284 patients including outpatients and inpatients in the Renmin Hospital of Wuhan University from January 20 to February 17 in 2020. Among them 205 cases were 2019-nCoV infected patients, including 186 cases confirmed with nucleic acid test and 19 cases diagnosed by clinical symptoms and CT characteristics according to "the New Coronavirus Pneumonia Control Protocol (5th edition)". A total of 79 subjects with other diseases but negative to 2019-nCoV infection were recruited as control group. Serum IgM and IgG antibodies to 2019-nCoV were measured with fully automated immunoassay technology for all subjects. Statistical significance between 2019-nCoV antibodies test and 2019-nCoV nucleic acid test was determined using the χ 2tests.

Results:

The sensitivity of serum IgM and IgG antibodies to 2019-nCoV were 70.24%(144/205) and 96.10%(197/205) respectively and the specificity were 96.20%(76/79) and 92.41%(73/79) respectively. The positive and negative predictive values of 2019-nCoV antibodies were 95.63%(197/206) and 91.03% (71/78) respectively, and the positive and negative predictive values of 2019-nCoV nucleic acid test were 100%(186/186) and 80.61%(79/98) respectively. The total coincidence rate of diagnosing 2019-nCoV infection between antibody tests and nucleic acid test for 2019-nCoV were 88.03%(250/284).

Conclusion:

Joint detection of serum IgM and IgG antibodies to 2019-nCoV is an effective screening and diagnostic indicators for 2019-nCoV infection, and an effective complement to the false negative results to nucleic acid test.

Full text: Available Collection: International databases Database: WHO COVID / ELSEVIER Type of study: Diagnostic study / Clinical Practice Guide / Observational study / Prognostic study / Risk factors Language: Chinese Journal: Chinese J. Lab. Med. Year: 2020 Document Type: Article Institution/Affiliation country: Department of Clinical Laboratory/China / Department of Quality and Safety Management/China

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Full text: Available Collection: International databases Database: WHO COVID / ELSEVIER Type of study: Diagnostic study / Clinical Practice Guide / Observational study / Prognostic study / Risk factors Language: Chinese Journal: Chinese J. Lab. Med. Year: 2020 Document Type: Article Institution/Affiliation country: Department of Clinical Laboratory/China / Department of Quality and Safety Management/China