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Synergy of pandemics-social isolation is associated with worsened Parkinson severity and quality of life.
NPJ Parkinsons Dis ; 6: 28, 2020.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-864022
ABSTRACT
Social isolation and its deleterious effects on health increases with age in the general population. People with Parkinson's Disease (PWP) are no exception. Social isolation is a risk factor for worsened health outcomes and increased mortality. Symptoms such as depression and sleep dysfunction are adversely affected by loneliness. There is a paucity of research on social isolation in Parkinson's disease (PD), which is all the more critical now in the setting of social distancing due to COVID-19. The goal of this study was to survey individuals with PD to evaluate whether social isolation is associated with PD symptom severity and quality of life. Only individuals reporting a diagnosis of idiopathic PD were included in this analysis. The primary outcome measures were the Patient-Reported Outcomes in PD (PRO-PD) and questions from PROMIS Global related to social health. PRO-PD scores increased as social performance and social satisfaction scores diminished. Individuals who reported being lonely experienced a 55% greater symptom severity than those who were not lonely (P < 0.01). Individuals who documented having a lot of friends had 21% fewer symptoms than those with few or no friends (P < 0.01). Social isolation was associated with greater patient-reported PD severity and lower quality of life, although it is unclear whether this is the cause and/or a consequence of the disease. In essence, the Parkinson pandemic and the pandemic of social isolation have been further compounded by the recent COVID-19 pandemic. The results emphasize the need to keep PWP socially connected and prevent loneliness in this time of social distancing. Proactive use of virtual modalities for support groups and social prescribing should be explored.
Full text: Available Collection: International databases Database: MEDLINE Type: Article Type of study: Equity and inequality / Etiology study / Observational study Language: English Journal: NPJ Parkinsons Dis Clinical aspect: Etiology Year: 2020

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Full text: Available Collection: International databases Database: MEDLINE Type: Article Type of study: Equity and inequality / Etiology study / Observational study Language: English Journal: NPJ Parkinsons Dis Clinical aspect: Etiology Year: 2020