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Characteristic of COVID-19 pediatric patients: evidence from systematic review
Postepy Nauk Medycznych ; 32(4):128-130, 2020.
Article | WHO COVID | ID: covidwho-914953
ABSTRACT
Introduction The SARS-CoV-2 infection pandemic has affected virtually the whole world Since the outbreak in China, countries on all continents have been progressively infected, and COVID-19 represents a major challenge to healthcare systems even in highly developed countries Children are a very special group, largely due to close family contacts, and may be susceptible to cross-infection Children, generally, have low immunity and some exhibit a long incubation period after SARS-CoV-2 infection Therefore, children should try to avoid contact with complex populations to avoid being infected by potential spreaders Aim The aim of the study was to identify the most frequently observed symptoms in pediatric patients with confirmed COVID-19 Material and methods We performed a comprehensive systematic literature search of online databases, including PubMed, EMBASE, Web of Science, CENTRAL, from December 2019 to April 10, 2020 to identify all case studies All the search results were evaluated according to the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA) statement The inclusion criterions for the articles were as follows study population pediatric patients with diagnosed COVID-19 (excluding newborn patient);study

design:

case studies;outcomes

measure:

at least one outcome reported among clinical symptoms Results The analysis of 10 papers reporting 466 pediatric patients with confirmed COVID- 19 revealed that the most frequently observed symptoms are fever (56 0%), cough (49 8%), headache (22 9%), sore throat (22 7%) and fatigue/myalgia (20 3%) The remaining symptoms are much less frequent In 13 6% of cases, the disease was asymptomatic, and in 40 8% it was mild in clinical classification and in 40 2% moderate type Relatively rarely children with severe and critical presentation of COVID-19 are observed (3 0 and 1 0%, respectively) Conclusions The five most frequent symptoms in pediatric patients with confirmed COVID-19 are fever, cough, headache, sore throat and fatigue/myalgia In the pediatric population, 81% of patients infected with SARS-CoV-2 have mild or moderate symptoms, and only 4% have severe and critical presentation

Full text: Available Collection: Databases of international organizations Database: WHO COVID Type: Article Type of study: Overview Journal: Postepy Nauk Medycznych Year: 2020

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Full text: Available Collection: Databases of international organizations Database: WHO COVID Type: Article Type of study: Overview Journal: Postepy Nauk Medycznych Year: 2020