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Chest CT in the emergency department for suspected COVID-19 pneumonia.
Palmisano, Anna; Scotti, Giulia Maria; Ippolito, Davide; Morelli, Marco J; Vignale, Davide; Gandola, Davide; Sironi, Sandro; De Cobelli, Francesco; Ferrante, Luca; Spessot, Marzia; Tonon, Giovanni; Tacchetti, Carlo; Esposito, Antonio.
  • Palmisano A; Experimental Imaging Centre, Radiology Unit, IRCCS San Raffaele Scientific Institute, Milan, Italy.
  • Scotti GM; School of Medicine, Vita-Salute San Raffaele University, via Olgettina 58, 20132, Milan, Italy.
  • Ippolito D; Center for Omics Sciences, IRCCS San Raffaele Scientific Institute, Milan, Italy.
  • Morelli MJ; Diagnostic Radiology, San Gerardo Hospital, School of Medicine and Surgery, Monza, Italy.
  • Vignale D; University of Milano-Bicocca, School of Medicine and Surgery, Monza, Italy.
  • Gandola D; Center for Omics Sciences, IRCCS San Raffaele Scientific Institute, Milan, Italy.
  • Sironi S; Experimental Imaging Centre, Radiology Unit, IRCCS San Raffaele Scientific Institute, Milan, Italy.
  • De Cobelli F; School of Medicine, Vita-Salute San Raffaele University, via Olgettina 58, 20132, Milan, Italy.
  • Ferrante L; Diagnostic Radiology, San Gerardo Hospital, School of Medicine and Surgery, Monza, Italy.
  • Spessot M; University of Milano-Bicocca, School of Medicine and Surgery, Monza, Italy.
  • Tonon G; University of Milano-Bicocca, School of Medicine and Surgery, Monza, Italy.
  • Tacchetti C; Department of Radiology, ASST Papa Giovanni XXIII, Bergamo, Italy.
  • Esposito A; Experimental Imaging Centre, Radiology Unit, IRCCS San Raffaele Scientific Institute, Milan, Italy.
Radiol Med ; 126(3): 498-502, 2021 Mar.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-915235
Semantic information from SemMedBD (by NLM)
1. Department LOCATION_OF Chest CT
Subject
Department
Predicate
LOCATION_OF
Object
Chest CT
2. Suspected COVID-19 PROCESS_OF Patients
Subject
Suspected COVID-19
Predicate
PROCESS_OF
Object
Patients
3. Department LOCATION_OF Chest CT
Subject
Department
Predicate
LOCATION_OF
Object
Chest CT
4. Suspected COVID-19 PROCESS_OF Patients
Subject
Suspected COVID-19
Predicate
PROCESS_OF
Object
Patients
ABSTRACT

PURPOSE:

In overwhelmed emergency departments (EDs) facing COVID-19 outbreak, a swift diagnosis is imperative. CT role was widely debated for its limited specificity. Here we report the diagnostic role of CT in two EDs in Lombardy, epicenter of Italian outbreak. MATERIAL AND

METHODS:

Admitting chest CT from 142 consecutive patients with suspected COVID-19 were retrospectively analyzed. CT scans were classified in "highly likely," "likely," and "unlikely" COVID-19 pneumonia according to the presence of typical, indeterminate, and atypical findings, or "negative" in the absence of findings, or "alternative diagnosis" when a different diagnosis was found. Nasopharyngeal swab results, turnaround time, and time to positive results were collected. CT diagnostic performances were assessed considering RT-PCR as reference standard.

RESULTS:

Most of cases (96/142, 68%) were classified as "highly likely" COVID-19 pneumonia. Ten (7%) and seven (5%) patients were classified as "likely" and "unlikely" COVID-19 pneumonia, respectively. In 21 (15%) patients a differential diagnosis was provided, including typical pneumonia, pulmonary edema, neoplasia, and pulmonary embolism. CT was negative in 8/142 (6%) patients. Mean turnaround time for the first COVID-19 RT-PCR was 30 ± 13 h. CT diagnostic accuracy in respect of the first test swab was 79% and increased to 91.5% after repeated swabs and/or BAL, for 18 false-negative first swab. CT performance was good with 76% specificity, 99% sensitivity, 90% positive predictive value and 97% negative predictive value.

CONCLUSION:

Chest CT was useful to streamline patients' triage while waiting for RT-PCR in the ED, supporting the clinical suspicion of COVID-19 or providing alternative diagnosis.
Subject(s)
Keywords

Full text: Available Collection: International databases Database: MEDLINE Main subject: Tomography, X-Ray Computed / Emergency Service, Hospital / COVID-19 / Lung Type of study: Diagnostic study / Observational study / Prognostic study Limits: Aged / Female / Humans / Male / Middle aged Country/Region as subject: Europa Language: English Journal: Radiol Med Year: 2021 Document Type: Article Affiliation country: S11547-020-01302-y

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Full text: Available Collection: International databases Database: MEDLINE Main subject: Tomography, X-Ray Computed / Emergency Service, Hospital / COVID-19 / Lung Type of study: Diagnostic study / Observational study / Prognostic study Limits: Aged / Female / Humans / Male / Middle aged Country/Region as subject: Europa Language: English Journal: Radiol Med Year: 2021 Document Type: Article Affiliation country: S11547-020-01302-y