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Contact dermatitis due to masks and respirators during COVID-19 pandemic: What we should know and what we should do.
Di Altobrando, Ambra; La Placa, Michelangelo; Neri, Iria; Piraccini, Bianca Maria; Vincenzi, Colombina.
  • Di Altobrando A; Department of Experimental, Diagnostic and Specialty Medicine, Division of Dermatology, University of Bologna, Bologna, Italy.
  • La Placa M; Department of Experimental, Diagnostic and Specialty Medicine, Division of Dermatology, University of Bologna, Bologna, Italy.
  • Neri I; Department of Experimental, Diagnostic and Specialty Medicine, Division of Dermatology, University of Bologna, Bologna, Italy.
  • Piraccini BM; Department of Experimental, Diagnostic and Specialty Medicine, Division of Dermatology, University of Bologna, Bologna, Italy.
  • Vincenzi C; Department of Experimental, Diagnostic and Specialty Medicine, Division of Dermatology, University of Bologna, Bologna, Italy.
Dermatol Ther ; 33(6): e14528, 2020 Nov.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-917742
Semantic information from SemMedBD (by NLM)
1. Masks CAUSES Contact Dermatitis
Subject
Masks
Predicate
CAUSES
Object
Contact Dermatitis
2. Mechanical Ventilator CAUSES Contact Dermatitis
Subject
Mechanical Ventilator
Predicate
CAUSES
Object
Contact Dermatitis
3. Contact Dermatitis COEXISTS_WITH COVID-19
Subject
Contact Dermatitis
Predicate
COEXISTS_WITH
Object
COVID-19
4. Vaccines TREATS COVID-19
Subject
Vaccines
Predicate
TREATS
Object
COVID-19
5. Masks USES Textiles
Subject
Masks
Predicate
USES
Object
Textiles
6. Irritants CAUSES Chronic irritant contact dermatitis
Subject
Irritants
Predicate
CAUSES
Object
Chronic irritant contact dermatitis
7. IMPACT gene DISRUPTS Work Performance
Subject
IMPACT gene
Predicate
DISRUPTS
Object
Work Performance
8. Contact Dermatitis PROCESS_OF Health Personnel
Subject
Contact Dermatitis
Predicate
PROCESS_OF
Object
Health Personnel
9. Contact Dermatitis PROCESS_OF General Population
Subject
Contact Dermatitis
Predicate
PROCESS_OF
Object
General Population
10. Masks CAUSES Contact Dermatitis
Subject
Masks
Predicate
CAUSES
Object
Contact Dermatitis
11. Mechanical Ventilator CAUSES Contact Dermatitis
Subject
Mechanical Ventilator
Predicate
CAUSES
Object
Contact Dermatitis
12. Contact Dermatitis COEXISTS_WITH COVID-19
Subject
Contact Dermatitis
Predicate
COEXISTS_WITH
Object
COVID-19
13. Vaccines TREATS COVID-19
Subject
Vaccines
Predicate
TREATS
Object
COVID-19
14. Masks USES Textiles
Subject
Masks
Predicate
USES
Object
Textiles
15. Irritants CAUSES Chronic irritant contact dermatitis
Subject
Irritants
Predicate
CAUSES
Object
Chronic irritant contact dermatitis
16. IMPACT gene DISRUPTS Work Performance
Subject
IMPACT gene
Predicate
DISRUPTS
Object
Work Performance
17. Contact Dermatitis PROCESS_OF Health Personnel
Subject
Contact Dermatitis
Predicate
PROCESS_OF
Object
Health Personnel
18. Contact Dermatitis PROCESS_OF General Population
Subject
Contact Dermatitis
Predicate
PROCESS_OF
Object
General Population
ABSTRACT
Given the current lack of a therapeutic vaccine for coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19), preventive measures including mask wearing are crucial in slowing the transmission of cases. However, prolonged wearing of protective respirators, medical and fabric masks can easily generate excessive sweating, moisture and friction. Closed and warm environments heighten the skin's permeability and sensitivity to physical or chemical irritants, leading to chronic cumulative irritant contact dermatitis or, rarely, even allergic contact dermatitis. Although not representing a life-threatening condition, contact dermatitis can have a significant impact on emergency management, as it is potentially able to reduce work performance and create emotional discomfort due to the involvement of evident body areas. To minimize the skin breakdown, adherence to standards on wearing protective and safe equipments and avoidance of overprotection should be performed. At the same time, some measures of skin care are recommended. Here, we offer some tips on how to prevent and manage contact dermatitis due to masks not only in health care workers, but also in the general population during this COVID-19 outbreak.
Subject(s)
Keywords

Full text: Available Collection: International databases Database: MEDLINE Main subject: Dermatitis, Occupational / Skin Care / Infectious Disease Transmission, Patient-to-Professional / Inhalation Exposure / Dermatitis, Contact / Facial Dermatoses / N95 Respirators / COVID-19 / Masks Type of study: Diagnostic study / Observational study / Prognostic study Topics: Vaccines Limits: Humans Language: English Journal: Dermatol Ther Journal subject: Dermatology Year: 2020 Document Type: Article Affiliation country: Dth.14528

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Full text: Available Collection: International databases Database: MEDLINE Main subject: Dermatitis, Occupational / Skin Care / Infectious Disease Transmission, Patient-to-Professional / Inhalation Exposure / Dermatitis, Contact / Facial Dermatoses / N95 Respirators / COVID-19 / Masks Type of study: Diagnostic study / Observational study / Prognostic study Topics: Vaccines Limits: Humans Language: English Journal: Dermatol Ther Journal subject: Dermatology Year: 2020 Document Type: Article Affiliation country: Dth.14528