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COMPLEXITY and INFORMATION-BASED ANALYSIS of the VARIATIONS of the SARS-COV-2 GENOME in the UNITED STATES of AMERICA (USA)
Fractals ; 2020.
Article in English | Scopus | ID: covidwho-919094
ABSTRACT
SARS-CoV-2 is a deadly virus that has affected human life since late 2019. Between all the countries that have reported the cases of patients with SARS-CoV-2 disease (COVID-19), the United States of America has the highest number of infected people and mortality rate. Since different states in the USA reported different numbers of patients and also death cases, analyzing the difference of SARS-CoV-2 between these states has great importance. Since the generated RNA walk from the SARS-CoV-2 genome includes complex random fluctuations that also contain information, in this study, we employ the complexity and information theories to investigate the variations of SARS-CoV-2 genome between different states in the USA for the first time. The results of our analysis showed that the fractal dimension and Shannon entropy of genome walk significantly change between different states. Based on these results, we can conclude that the SARS-CoV-2 genomic structure significantly changes between different states, which is resulted from the virus evolution. Therefore, developing a vaccine for SARS-CoV-2 is very challenging since it should be able to fight various structures of the virus in different states. © 2020

Full text: Available Collection: Databases of international organizations Database: Scopus Type of study: Randomized controlled trials Topics: Vaccines Language: English Journal: Fractals Year: 2020 Document Type: Article

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Full text: Available Collection: Databases of international organizations Database: Scopus Type of study: Randomized controlled trials Topics: Vaccines Language: English Journal: Fractals Year: 2020 Document Type: Article