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Community engagement in COVID-19 prevention: experiences from Kilimanjaro region, Northern Tanzania.
Mboya, Innocent Baltazar; Ngocho, James Samwel; Mgongo, Melina; Samu, Linda Philip; Pyuza, Jeremia Jackson; Amour, Caroline; Mahande, Michael Johnson; Leyaro, Beatrice John; George, Johnston Mukiza; Philemon, Rune Nathaniel; Muro, Florida; Renju, Jenny; Msuya, Sia Emmanueli.
  • Mboya IB; Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Institute of Public Health, Kilimanjaro Christian Medical University College, P. O. Box 2240, Moshi, Tanzania.
  • Ngocho JS; School of Mathematics, Statistics & Computer Science, University of Kwazulu, Natal, Pietermaritzburg, Private Bag X01, Scottsville 3209, South Africa.
  • Mgongo M; Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Institute of Public Health, Kilimanjaro Christian Medical University College, P. O. Box 2240, Moshi, Tanzania.
  • Samu LP; Community Health Department, Institute of Public Health, Kilimanjaro Christian Medical University College, P. O. Box 2240, Moshi, Tanzania.
  • Pyuza JJ; Department of Health, Moshi Municipal Council, P. O. Box 318, Moshi, Tanzania.
  • Amour C; Community Health Department, Institute of Public Health, Kilimanjaro Christian Medical University College, P. O. Box 2240, Moshi, Tanzania.
  • Mahande MJ; Pathology Department, Kilimanjaro Christian Medical Centre, P. O. Box 3010, Moshi, Tanzania.
  • Leyaro BJ; Mega Afya and Business Company Limited, P. O. Box 6791 Moshi, Tanzania.
  • George JM; Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Institute of Public Health, Kilimanjaro Christian Medical University College, P. O. Box 2240, Moshi, Tanzania.
  • Philemon RN; Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Institute of Public Health, Kilimanjaro Christian Medical University College, P. O. Box 2240, Moshi, Tanzania.
  • Muro F; Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Institute of Public Health, Kilimanjaro Christian Medical University College, P. O. Box 2240, Moshi, Tanzania.
  • Renju J; Community Health Department, Institute of Public Health, Kilimanjaro Christian Medical University College, P. O. Box 2240, Moshi, Tanzania.
  • Msuya SE; Pediatrics Department, Kilimanjaro Christian Medical Centre, P. O. Box 3010, Moshi, Tanzania.
Pan Afr Med J ; 35(Suppl 2): 146, 2020.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-946296
Semantic information from SemMedBD (by NLM)
1. Engaged to be married PROCESS_OF Community
Subject
Engaged to be married
Predicate
PROCESS_OF
Object
Community
2. Engaged to be married COEXISTS_WITH COVID-19
Subject
Engaged to be married
Predicate
COEXISTS_WITH
Object
COVID-19
3. 2019 novel coronavirus PROCESS_OF General Population
Subject
2019 novel coronavirus
Predicate
PROCESS_OF
Object
General Population
4. COVID-19 PROCESS_OF Response team
Subject
COVID-19
Predicate
PROCESS_OF
Object
Response team
5. Engaged to be married PROCESS_OF Community
Subject
Engaged to be married
Predicate
PROCESS_OF
Object
Community
6. Engaged to be married COEXISTS_WITH COVID-19
Subject
Engaged to be married
Predicate
COEXISTS_WITH
Object
COVID-19
7. 2019 novel coronavirus PROCESS_OF General Population
Subject
2019 novel coronavirus
Predicate
PROCESS_OF
Object
General Population
8. COVID-19 PROCESS_OF Response team
Subject
COVID-19
Predicate
PROCESS_OF
Object
Response team
ABSTRACT
Prevention of exposure to the COVID-19 virus in the general population is an essential strategy to slow community transmission. This paper shares the experiences and challenges of community engagement in COVID-19 prevention in the Kilimanjaro region, Northern Tanzania implemented by our team from the Institute of Public Health (IPH), Kilimanjaro Christian Medical University College (KCMUCo) in collaboration with the COVID-19 response team in the Moshi Municipality. We conducted an education session with the COVID-19 response team and together brainstormed transmission hotspots and which interventions would be most feasible in their settings. The first hotspot identified was crowded local market spaces. Suggested interventions included targeted and mass public health education through the engagement of market opinion leaders, public announcements, and radio shows. We conducted participatory rural appraisal techniques to enable market vendors and clients to visualize two-meter distances and provided a prototype hand-washing facility that was foot operated. We found mass public health educational campaigns essential to inform and update the public about COVID-19 pandemic and to address rumors and misinformation, which hampers compliance with public health interventions. Coordinated efforts among stakeholders in the country are necessary to develop context-specific prevention and case management strategies following the national and international guidelines. Local ownership of recommended interventions is necessary to ensure compliance.
Subject(s)
Keywords

Full text: Available Collection: International databases Database: MEDLINE Main subject: Pneumonia, Viral / Communicable Disease Control / Coronavirus Infections / Community Participation / Pandemics / Betacoronavirus Type of study: Observational study / Qualitative research Limits: Humans Country/Region as subject: Africa Language: English Journal: Pan Afr Med J Year: 2020 Document Type: Article Affiliation country: Pamj.supp.2020.35.146.24473

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Full text: Available Collection: International databases Database: MEDLINE Main subject: Pneumonia, Viral / Communicable Disease Control / Coronavirus Infections / Community Participation / Pandemics / Betacoronavirus Type of study: Observational study / Qualitative research Limits: Humans Country/Region as subject: Africa Language: English Journal: Pan Afr Med J Year: 2020 Document Type: Article Affiliation country: Pamj.supp.2020.35.146.24473