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Virtual education in neurosurgery during the COVID-19 pandemic.
Lazaro, Tyler; Srinivasan, Visish M; Rahman, Maryam; Asthagiri, Ashok; Barkhoudarian, Garni; Chambless, Lola B; Kan, Peter; Rao, Ganesh; Nahed, Brian V; Patel, Akash J.
  • Lazaro T; Departments of1Neurosurgery and.
  • Srinivasan VM; Departments of1Neurosurgery and.
  • Rahman M; 3University of Florida College of Medicine, Gainesville, Florida.
  • Asthagiri A; 4John Wayne Cancer Institute at Providence Saint John's Health Center, Santa Monica, California.
  • Barkhoudarian G; 5University of Virginia School of Medicine, Charlottesville, Virginia.
  • Chambless LB; 6Department of Neurosurgery, Vanderbilt University School of Medicine, Nashville, Tennessee.
  • Kan P; 7Department of Neurosurgery, University of Texas Medical Branch School of Medicine, Houston, Texas.
  • Rao G; Departments of1Neurosurgery and.
  • Nahed BV; 8Department of Neurosurgery, Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts; and.
  • Patel AJ; Departments of1Neurosurgery and.
Neurosurg Focus ; 49(6): E17, 2020 12.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-954005
ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE:

Neurosurgical education in the US has changed significantly as a consequence of the novel coronavirus (COVID-19) pandemic. Institutional social distancing requirements have resulted in many neurosurgical programs utilizing video conferencing for educational activities. However, it is unclear how or if these practices should continue after the pandemic. The objective of this study was to characterize virtual education in neurosurgery and understand how it should be utilized after COVID-19.

METHODS:

A 24-question, 3-part online survey was administered anonymously to all 117 US neurosurgical residency programs from May 15, 2020, to June 15, 2020. Questions pertained to the current use of virtual conferencing, preferences over traditional conferences, and future inclinations. The Likert scale (1 = strongly disagree, 3 = neutral, 5 = strongly agree) was used. Comparisons were calculated using the Mann-Whitney U-test. Statistical significance was set at 0.05.

RESULTS:

One-hundred eight responses were recorded. Overall, 38 respondents (35.2%) were attendings and 70 (64.8%) were trainees. Forty-one respondents (38.0%) indicated attending 5-6 conferences per week and 70 (64.8%) attend national virtual conferences. When considering different conference types, there was no overall preference (scores < 3) for virtual conferences over traditional conferences. In regard to future use, respondents strongly agreed that they would continue the practice at some capacity after the pandemic (median score 5). Overall, respondents agreed that virtual conferences would partially replace traditional conferences (median score 4), whereas they strongly disagreed with the complete replacement of traditional conferences (median score 1). The most common choices for the partial replacement of tradition conferences were case conferences (59/108, 55%) and board preparation (64/108, 59%). Lastly, there was a significant difference in scores for continued use of virtual conferencing in those who attend nationally sponsored conferences (median score 5, n = 70) and those who do not (median score 4, n = 38; U = 1762.50, z = 2.97, r = 0.29, p = 0.003).

CONCLUSIONS:

Virtual conferences will likely remain an integral part of neurosurgical education after the COVID-19 pandemic has abated. Across the country, residents and faculty report a preference for continued use of virtual conferencing, especially virtual case conferences and board preparation. Some traditional conferences may even be replaced with virtual conferences, in particular those that are more didactic. Furthermore, nationally sponsored virtual conferences have a positive effect on the preferences for continued use of virtual conferences.
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Full text: Available Collection: International databases Database: MEDLINE Main subject: Telecommunications / Surveys and Questionnaires / Neurosurgical Procedures / Education, Distance / COVID-19 / Internship and Residency Type of study: Observational study / Randomized controlled trials Limits: Adult / Aged / Female / Humans / Male / Middle aged Language: English Journal: Neurosurg Focus Journal subject: Neurosurgery Year: 2020 Document Type: Article

Full text: Available Collection: International databases Database: MEDLINE Main subject: Telecommunications / Surveys and Questionnaires / Neurosurgical Procedures / Education, Distance / COVID-19 / Internship and Residency Type of study: Observational study / Randomized controlled trials Limits: Adult / Aged / Female / Humans / Male / Middle aged Language: English Journal: Neurosurg Focus Journal subject: Neurosurgery Year: 2020 Document Type: Article