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Healthy Dietary Intake Behavior Potentially Modifies the Negative Effect of COVID-19 Lockdown on Depression: A Hospital and Health Center Survey.
Pham, Khue M; Pham, Linh V; Phan, Dung T; Tran, Tien V; Nguyen, Hoang C; Nguyen, Minh H; Nguyen, Huu C; Ha, Tung H; Dao, Hung K; Nguyen, Phuoc B; Trinh, Manh V; Do, Thinh V; Nguyen, Hung Q; Nguyen, Thao T P; Nguyen, Nhan P T; Tran, Cuong Q; Tran, Khanh V; Duong, Trang T; Nguyen, Lam V; Do, Thao T; Vo, Tam T; Do, Binh N; Duong, Thai H; Pham, Thu T M; Le, Thuy T; Do, Ngoc T; Nguyen, Hoai T T; Mai, Thuy T T; Ha, Dung T; Ngo, Huong T M; Nguyen, Kien T; Yang, Shwu-Huey; Chao, Jane C-J; Duong, Tuyen Van.
  • Pham KM; Faculty of Public Health, Hai Phong University of Medicine and Pharmacy, Hai Phong, Vietnam.
  • Pham LV; President Office, Hai Phong University of Medicine and Pharmacy, Hai Phong, Vietnam.
  • Phan DT; Department of Pulmonary and Cardiovascular Diseases, Hai Phong University of Medicine and Pharmacy Hospital, Hai Phong, Vietnam.
  • Tran TV; Director Office, Hai Phong University of Medicine and Pharmacy Hospital, Hai Phong, Vietnam.
  • Nguyen HC; Faculty of Nursing, Hanoi University of Business and Technology, Hanoi, Vietnam.
  • Nguyen MH; Nursing Office, Viet Duc University Hospital, Hanoi, Vietnam.
  • Nguyen HC; Department of Infectious Diseases, Vietnam Military Medical University, Hanoi, Vietnam.
  • Ha TH; Director Office, Military Hospital 103, Hanoi, Vietnam.
  • Dao HK; Director Office, Thai Nguyen National Hospital, Thai Nguyen, Vietnam.
  • Nguyen PB; President Office, Thai Nguyen University of Medicine and Pharmacy, Thai Nguyen, Vietnam.
  • Trinh MV; International Master/Ph.D. Program in Medicine, Taipei Medical University, Taipei, Taiwan.
  • Do TV; Director Office, E Hospital, Hanoi, Vietnam.
  • Nguyen HQ; Department of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery, E Hospital, Hanoi, Vietnam.
  • Nguyen TTP; Director Office, General Hospital of Agricultural, Hanoi, Vietnam.
  • Nguyen NPT; Director Office, Bac Ninh Obstetrics and Pediatrics Hospital, Bac Ninh, Vietnam.
  • Tran CQ; Director Office, Kien an Hospital, Hai Phong, Vietnam.
  • Tran KV; Director Office, Quang Ninh General Hospital, Quang Ninh, Vietnam.
  • Duong TT; Director Office, Bai Chay Hospital, Quang Ninh, Vietnam.
  • Nguyen LV; Director Office, Quang Ninh Obstetrics and Pediatrics Hospital, Quang Ninh, Vietnam.
  • Do TT; Health Management Training Institute, Hue University of Medicine and Pharmacy, Hue, Vietnam.
  • Vo TT; Department of Health Economics, Corvinus University of Budapest, Budapest, Hungary.
  • Do BN; General Planning Department, Da Nang Oncology Hospital, Da Nang, Vietnam.
  • Duong TH; Director Office, Thu Duc District Health Center, Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam.
  • Pham TTM; Faculty of Health, Mekong University, Vinh Long, Vietnam.
  • Le TT; Director Office, Hospital District 2, Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam.
  • Do NT; Nursing Office, Tan Phu District Hospital, Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam.
  • Nguyen HTT; President Office, Can Tho University of Medicine and Pharmacy, Can Tho, Vietnam.
  • Mai TTT; Aesthetic Plastic Surgery & Skin Care Center, Can Tho University of Medicine and Pharmacy Hospital, Can Tho, Vietnam.
  • Ha DT; Department of Oral Pathology and Periodontology, Faculty of Odonto-Stomatology, Can Tho University of Medicine and Pharmacy, Can Tho, Vietnam.
  • Ngo HTM; Director Office, Trieu Phong District Health Center, Quang Tri, Vietnam.
  • Nguyen KT; Department of Infectious Diseases, Vietnam Military Medical University, Hanoi, Vietnam.
  • Yang SH; Division of Military Science, Military Hospital 103, Hanoi, Vietnam.
  • Chao JC; Director Office, Thai Nguyen National Hospital, Thai Nguyen, Vietnam.
  • Duong TV; Department of Internal Medicine, Thai Nguyen University of Medicine and Pharmacy, Thai Nguyen, Vietnam.
Front Nutr ; 7: 581043, 2020.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-971903
Semantic information from SemMedBD (by NLM)
1. Hospitals LOCATION_OF Cross-Sectional Studies
Subject
Hospitals
Predicate
LOCATION_OF
Object
Cross-Sectional Studies
2. Wellness Centers LOCATION_OF Cross-Sectional Studies
Subject
Wellness Centers
Predicate
LOCATION_OF
Object
Cross-Sectional Studies
3. Depressive disorder AFFECTS Behavior
Subject
Depressive disorder
Predicate
AFFECTS
Object
Behavior
4. Hospitals LOCATION_OF Cross-Sectional Studies
Subject
Hospitals
Predicate
LOCATION_OF
Object
Cross-Sectional Studies
5. Wellness Centers LOCATION_OF Cross-Sectional Studies
Subject
Wellness Centers
Predicate
LOCATION_OF
Object
Cross-Sectional Studies
6. Depressive disorder AFFECTS Behavior
Subject
Depressive disorder
Predicate
AFFECTS
Object
Behavior
ABSTRACT

Background:

The COVID-19 pandemic causes a huge burden for affected countries. Several public health interventions were applied to contain the infection. However, the pandemic itself and the lockdown measure negatively influence people's lifestyles and psychological health.

Purpose:

To explore determinants of healthy dietary intake and depression, and examine the interaction between healthy dietary intake and COVID-19 lockdown on depression.

Methods:

A cross-sectional study was conducted at 18 hospitals and health centers from February 14 to May 31, 2020. Data of 8,291 outpatients were collected including patients' characteristics, clinical parameters, health literacy, healthy dietary intake (using the healthy eating score, HES), other health-related behaviors, and depression (using the patient health questionnaire, PHQ). Depression was defined as PHQ score ≥ 10.

Results:

Protective factors of healthy dietary intake and depression were higher education, better medication payment ability, higher social status, more physical activity, and higher health literacy, whereas older age, ever married, own business or other types of occupation, lockdown, suspected COVID-19 symptoms, and comorbidity were associated with lower HES scores and a higher depression likelihood. Besides, overweight/obesity and alcohol drinking were associated with lower HES scores. As compared with patients not under lockdown and with lowest HES score, those who were under lockdown and with lowest HES score had 10.6 times higher depression likelihood (odds ratio, OR, 10.60; 95% CI 6.88, 16.32; p < 0.001), whereas people with higher HES score had 15% lower depression likelihood (OR 0.85; 95% CI 0.82, 0.89; p < 0.001).

Conclusions:

Healthy dietary intake and depression were determined by several sociodemographic, clinical, and behavioral factors. Lockdown measure affects people's dietary intake behavior and depression. Importantly, healthy dietary intake potentially modifies the negative effect of lockdown on depression.
Keywords

Full text: Available Collection: International databases Database: MEDLINE Type of study: Randomized controlled trials / Risk factors Language: English Journal: Front Nutr Year: 2020 Document Type: Article Affiliation country: Fnut.2020.581043

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Full text: Available Collection: International databases Database: MEDLINE Type of study: Randomized controlled trials / Risk factors Language: English Journal: Front Nutr Year: 2020 Document Type: Article Affiliation country: Fnut.2020.581043