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Prevalence and risk factor assessment of digital eye strain among children using online e-learning during the COVID-19 pandemic: Digital eye strain among kids (DESK study-1).
Mohan, Amit; Sen, Pradhnya; Shah, Chintan; Jain, Elesh; Jain, Swapnil.
  • Mohan A; Department of Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus, Children Eye Care Center, Sadguru Netra Chikitsalya and Postgraduate Institute of Ophthalmology, Chitrakoot, Madhya Pradesh, India.
  • Sen P; Department of Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus, Children Eye Care Center, Sadguru Netra Chikitsalya and Postgraduate Institute of Ophthalmology, Chitrakoot, Madhya Pradesh, India.
  • Shah C; Department of Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus, Children Eye Care Center, Sadguru Netra Chikitsalya and Postgraduate Institute of Ophthalmology, Chitrakoot, Madhya Pradesh, India.
  • Jain E; Department of Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus, Children Eye Care Center, Sadguru Netra Chikitsalya and Postgraduate Institute of Ophthalmology, Chitrakoot, Madhya Pradesh, India.
  • Jain S; Department of Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus, Children Eye Care Center, Sadguru Netra Chikitsalya and Postgraduate Institute of Ophthalmology, Chitrakoot, Madhya Pradesh, India.
Indian J Ophthalmol ; 69(1): 140-144, 2021 01.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-979175
Semantic information from SemMedBD (by NLM)
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Asthenopia
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Offspring
2. Asthenopia OCCURS_IN Child
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Asthenopia
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OCCURS_IN
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Child
3. Duration COEXISTS_WITH estrogen receptor alph
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6. Asthenopia OCCURS_IN Cohort
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Asthenopia
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7. game PREDISPOSES Asthenopia
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game
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PREDISPOSES
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Asthenopia
8. Asthenopia PROCESS_OF Child
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Asthenopia
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PROCESS_OF
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Child
9. Medical Devices TREATS Child
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Medical Devices
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TREATS
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10. Asthenopia PROCESS_OF Offspring
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Asthenopia
Predicate
PROCESS_OF
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Offspring
11. Asthenopia OCCURS_IN Child
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Asthenopia
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OCCURS_IN
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Child
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COEXISTS_WITH
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estrogen receptor alpha, human
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estrogen receptor alpha, human
14. Tritium higher_than estrogen receptor alpha, human
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Asthenopia
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16. game PREDISPOSES Asthenopia
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game
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PREDISPOSES
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Asthenopia
17. Asthenopia PROCESS_OF Child
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Asthenopia
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ABSTRACT

Purpose:

The aim of this study was to determine prevalence, symptoms frequency and associated risk factors of digital eye strain (DES) among children attending online classes during COVID-19 pandemic.

Methods:

The online electronic survey form was prepared on the Google app. Children/parents were asked to indicate the total duration of digital device use before and during COVID era. The symptoms of DES, its severity and frequency were recorded & measured with the Computer Vision Syndrome Questionnaire.

Results:

Two hundred and sixty one parents responded to the questionnaire, of these 217 were complete. Mean age of children was 13 ± 2.45 years. Mean duration of digital device used during COVID era was 3.9 ± 1.9 h which is more than pre COVID era (1.9 ± 1.1 h, P = <0.0001). 36.9% (n = 80) were using digital devices >5 h in COVID era as compared to 1.8% (n = 4) before COVID era. The most common digital device used were smartphones (n = 134, 61.7%). One hundred and eight children (49.8%) were attending online classes for >2 h per day. Prevalence of DES in our cohort is 50.23% (109/217). Of these 26.3% were mild, 12.9% moderate and 11.1% of severe grade. Most common symptoms were itching and headache (n = 117, 53.9%). Multivariate analysis revealed age >14 years (P = 0.04), male gender (P = 0.0004), smartphone use (P = 0.003), use of device >5 h (P = 0.0007) and mobile games >1 h/day (P = 0.0001) as independent risk factors for DES in children.

Conclusion:

There is an increased prevalence of DES among children in COVID era. Parents should be considerate about duration, type and distance of digital device use to avoid DES symptoms in children.
Subject(s)
Keywords

Full text: Available Collection: International databases Database: MEDLINE Main subject: Asthenopia / Risk Assessment / Video Games / Pandemics / Smartphone / SARS-CoV-2 / COVID-19 Type of study: Etiology study / Prevalence study / Randomized controlled trials / Risk factors Limits: Adolescent / Child / Female / Humans / Male Country/Region as subject: Asia Language: English Journal: Indian J Ophthalmol Year: 2021 Document Type: Article Affiliation country: Ijo.IJO_2535_20

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Full text: Available Collection: International databases Database: MEDLINE Main subject: Asthenopia / Risk Assessment / Video Games / Pandemics / Smartphone / SARS-CoV-2 / COVID-19 Type of study: Etiology study / Prevalence study / Randomized controlled trials / Risk factors Limits: Adolescent / Child / Female / Humans / Male Country/Region as subject: Asia Language: English Journal: Indian J Ophthalmol Year: 2021 Document Type: Article Affiliation country: Ijo.IJO_2535_20