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Radiologic aspects of COVID-19 pneumonia: outcomes and thoracic complications. / Aspectos radiológicos de la neumonía COVID-19: evolución y complicaciones torácicas.
Parra Gordo, M L; Weiland, G Buitrago; García, M Grau; Choperena, G Arenaza.
  • Parra Gordo ML; Sección de Radiología de Urgencias, Servicio de Radiodiagnóstico, Hospital Universitario La Paz, Madrid, España. Electronic address: parragm19@gmail.com.
  • Weiland GB; Sección de Radiología Torácica, Servicio de Radiodiagnóstico, Hospital Universitario Gregorio Marañón, Madrid, España.
  • García MG; Sección de Radiología de Urgencias, Servicio de Radiodiagnóstico, Hospital Universitario Basurto, Bilbao, España.
  • Choperena GA; Sección de Radiología de Urgencias, Servicio de Radiodiagnóstico, Hospital Universitario de Donostia, San Sebastián, España.
Radiologia (Engl Ed) ; 63(1): 74-88, 2021.
Article in English, Spanish | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-989183
Semantic information from SemMedBD (by NLM)
1. COVID-19 PROCESS_OF Patients
Subject
COVID-19
Predicate
PROCESS_OF
Object
Patients
2. Symptom mild PROCESS_OF Patients
Subject
Symptom mild
Predicate
PROCESS_OF
Object
Patients
3. Alveolar wall LOCATION_OF Rupture
Subject
Alveolar wall
Predicate
LOCATION_OF
Object
Rupture
4. Rupture CAUSES Mediastinal Emphysema
Subject
Rupture
Predicate
CAUSES
Object
Mediastinal Emphysema
5. Rupture CAUSES Spontaneous pneumothorax
Subject
Rupture
Predicate
CAUSES
Object
Spontaneous pneumothorax
6. Mediastinal Emphysema COEXISTS_WITH Patient ventilated
Subject
Mediastinal Emphysema
Predicate
COEXISTS_WITH
Object
Patient ventilated
7. Spontaneous pneumothorax COEXISTS_WITH Patient ventilated
Subject
Spontaneous pneumothorax
Predicate
COEXISTS_WITH
Object
Patient ventilated
8. Severe disease PROCESS_OF Patients
Subject
Severe disease
Predicate
PROCESS_OF
Object
Patients
9. Superinfection PROCESS_OF Patients
Subject
Superinfection
Predicate
PROCESS_OF
Object
Patients
10. COVID-19 PROCESS_OF Patients
Subject
COVID-19
Predicate
PROCESS_OF
Object
Patients
11. Symptom mild PROCESS_OF Patients
Subject
Symptom mild
Predicate
PROCESS_OF
Object
Patients
12. Alveolar wall LOCATION_OF Rupture
Subject
Alveolar wall
Predicate
LOCATION_OF
Object
Rupture
13. Rupture CAUSES Mediastinal Emphysema
Subject
Rupture
Predicate
CAUSES
Object
Mediastinal Emphysema
14. Rupture CAUSES Spontaneous pneumothorax
Subject
Rupture
Predicate
CAUSES
Object
Spontaneous pneumothorax
15. Mediastinal Emphysema COEXISTS_WITH Patient ventilated
Subject
Mediastinal Emphysema
Predicate
COEXISTS_WITH
Object
Patient ventilated
16. Spontaneous pneumothorax COEXISTS_WITH Patient ventilated
Subject
Spontaneous pneumothorax
Predicate
COEXISTS_WITH
Object
Patient ventilated
17. Severe disease PROCESS_OF Patients
Subject
Severe disease
Predicate
PROCESS_OF
Object
Patients
18. Superinfection PROCESS_OF Patients
Subject
Superinfection
Predicate
PROCESS_OF
Object
Patients
ABSTRACT
Outcomes vary widely in patients with COVID-19. Whereas some patients have only mild symptoms of short duration, others develop severe disease that leads to acute respiratory distress syndrome requiring prolonged stays in intensive care units. Radiologically, the initial stage is characterized by viral pneumonia with mild expression. In some patients, however, the onset of the immune response results in acute lung damage with organizing pneumonia and diffuse alveolar damage. Moderate-severe disease is associated with a high incidence of pulmonary embolisms, generally peripherally distributed and associated with endothelial damage, prolonged stays in bed, and coagulopathy. Other relatively common complications are spontaneous pneumothorax and pneumomediastinum due to the rupture of alveolar walls and barotrauma in mechanically ventilated patients. Superinfection, generally bacterial and less commonly fungal, is more common in patients with severe disease.
Subject(s)
Keywords

Full text: Available Collection: International databases Database: MEDLINE Main subject: Pneumonia, Viral / COVID-19 Type of study: Observational study / Prognostic study Topics: Long Covid Limits: Humans Language: English / Spanish Journal: Radiologia (Engl Ed) Year: 2021 Document Type: Article

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Full text: Available Collection: International databases Database: MEDLINE Main subject: Pneumonia, Viral / COVID-19 Type of study: Observational study / Prognostic study Topics: Long Covid Limits: Humans Language: English / Spanish Journal: Radiologia (Engl Ed) Year: 2021 Document Type: Article