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A review of severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 infection in the reproductive system.
Huang, Hsin-Hui; Wang, Peng-Hui; Yang, Yi-Ping; Chou, Shih-Jie; Chu, Po-Wei; Wu, Gwo-Jang; Chang, Cheng-Chang.
  • Huang HH; Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Tri-service General Hospital, National Defense Medical Center, Taipei, Taiwan, ROC.
  • Wang PH; Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Taipei Veterans General Hospital, Taipei, Taiwan, ROC.
  • Yang YP; Institute of Clinical Medicine, School of Medicine, National Yang-Ming University, Taipei, Taiwan, ROC.
  • Chou SJ; Department of Medical Research, China Medical University Hospital, Taichung, Taiwan, ROC.
  • Chu PW; Institute of Clinical Medicine, School of Medicine, National Yang-Ming University, Taipei, Taiwan, ROC.
  • Wu GJ; Department of Medical Research, Taipei Veterans General Hospital, Taipei, Taiwan, ROC.
  • Chang CC; Institute of Clinical Medicine, School of Medicine, National Yang-Ming University, Taipei, Taiwan, ROC.
J Chin Med Assoc ; 83(10): 895-897, 2020 10.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-990893
Semantic information from SemMedBD (by NLM)
1. Genitalia LOCATION_OF SARS coronavirus
Subject
Genitalia
Predicate
LOCATION_OF
Object
SARS coronavirus
2. 2019 novel coronavirus CAUSES COVID-19
Subject
2019 novel coronavirus
Predicate
CAUSES
Object
COVID-19
3. Ovary PART_OF Homo sapiens
Subject
Ovary
Predicate
PART_OF
Object
Homo sapiens
4. Testis LOCATION_OF angiotensin converting enzyme 2
Subject
Testis
Predicate
LOCATION_OF
Object
angiotensin converting enzyme 2
5. receptor AFFECTS Fertility
Subject
receptor
Predicate
AFFECTS
Object
Fertility
6. Testis LOCATION_OF 2019 novel coronavirus
Subject
Testis
Predicate
LOCATION_OF
Object
2019 novel coronavirus
7. Plant seeds LOCATION_OF luteinizing hormone
Subject
Plant seeds
Predicate
LOCATION_OF
Object
luteinizing hormone
8. Performance PROCESS_OF Male population group
Subject
Performance
Predicate
PROCESS_OF
Object
Male population group
9. Genitalia LOCATION_OF SARS coronavirus
Subject
Genitalia
Predicate
LOCATION_OF
Object
SARS coronavirus
10. 2019 novel coronavirus CAUSES COVID-19
Subject
2019 novel coronavirus
Predicate
CAUSES
Object
COVID-19
11. Ovary PART_OF Homo sapiens
Subject
Ovary
Predicate
PART_OF
Object
Homo sapiens
12. Testis LOCATION_OF angiotensin converting enzyme 2
Subject
Testis
Predicate
LOCATION_OF
Object
angiotensin converting enzyme 2
13. receptor AFFECTS Fertility
Subject
receptor
Predicate
AFFECTS
Object
Fertility
14. Testis LOCATION_OF 2019 novel coronavirus
Subject
Testis
Predicate
LOCATION_OF
Object
2019 novel coronavirus
15. Plant seeds LOCATION_OF luteinizing hormone
Subject
Plant seeds
Predicate
LOCATION_OF
Object
luteinizing hormone
16. Performance PROCESS_OF Male population group
Subject
Performance
Predicate
PROCESS_OF
Object
Male population group
ABSTRACT
An outbreak of pneumonia associated with coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) caused by severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) occurred in Wuhan, China, in December 2019, and has been spread worldwide rapidly now. Over 5.3-million confirmed cases and 340,000 disease-associated deaths have been found till May 25, 2020. The potential pathophysiology for SARS-CoV-2 to affect the target is via the receptor, angiotensin-converting enzyme 2 (ACE2). ACE2 can be found in the respiratory, cardiovascular, gastrointestinal tract, urinary tract, and reproductive organs such as human ovaries and Leydig cells in the testis. This receptor plays a dominant role in the fertility function. Considering the crucial roles of testicular cells of the male reproductive system, increasing numbers of studies focus on the effects of SARS-CoV-2 on the testis. In this literature, we reviewed several studies to evaluate the relevance between SARS-CoV-2, ACE receptor, and female and male reproductive system and found that the risk of being attacked by SARS-CoV-2 is higher in males than in females. Since men infected with SARS-CoV-2 virus may have the risk of impaired reproductive performance, such as the orchitis and an elevated of luteinizing hormone (LH), and additionally, SARS-CoV-2 virus may be found in semen, although the latter is still debated, all suggest that we should pay much attention to sexual transmitted disease and male fertility after recovering from COVID-19.
Subject(s)

Full text: Available Collection: International databases Database: MEDLINE Main subject: Pneumonia, Viral / Coronavirus Infections / Betacoronavirus / Genitalia Type of study: Experimental Studies / Observational study / Prognostic study Topics: Long Covid Limits: Female / Humans / Male Language: English Journal: J Chin Med Assoc Journal subject: Medicine Year: 2020 Document Type: Article

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Full text: Available Collection: International databases Database: MEDLINE Main subject: Pneumonia, Viral / Coronavirus Infections / Betacoronavirus / Genitalia Type of study: Experimental Studies / Observational study / Prognostic study Topics: Long Covid Limits: Female / Humans / Male Language: English Journal: J Chin Med Assoc Journal subject: Medicine Year: 2020 Document Type: Article